Country Notebook (Ukraine)

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  • Topic: Ukraine, Soviet Union, Ukrainians
  • Pages : 10 (2399 words )
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  • Published : January 21, 2013
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II. Economic Analysis

A. Population
1. Total : 45,633,600 (1 January 2012)
a. Growth rates
* -0.625% (2011 est.)
b. Number of live births
* During the months of January-May 2012 increased by 13,921 over the same period in 2011. The birth rate for January-May 2012 was 11.0 per 1,000 population, a increase over 10.3 during January-May 2011 and 10.4 for January-May 2010. c. Birthrates

* 11.0 births/1,000 population (2011)
2. Distribution of the population (2012 Official.)
a. Age
* 0–14 years: 14.4% = 6,531,500
* 16–64 years: 71.4% = 31,993,300
* 65 years and over: 15.2% = 6,928,500
b. Gender
* at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
* under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
* 15–64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
* 65 years and over: 0.51 male(s)/female
c. Geographic Areas
* Kiev, capital of Ukraine(urban area)
* Lʹviv, one of the city in Ukraine(suburban area)
* Density of 603,628 km2 or 233,090 sq mi
d. Migration rates
* Net migration rate: -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.) e. Ethnic groups
* 77.8% Ukrainians
* 17.3% Russians
* 4.9% others and unspecified

B. Economic statistics and activity
1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
a. Total
* $165.560 billion
b. Rate of growth
* 5.2% (2011 est.)
* 4.2% (2010 est.)
* -14.5% (2009 est.)
2. Personal income per capita
* $7,300 (2011 est.)
* $6,900 (2010 est.)
* $6,600 (2009 est.)
3. Average family income
* lowest 10%: 4.1%
* highest 10%: 22.6%
4. Distribution of wealth
a. Income classes
* Rich - average of $20,000 or above
* Middle class - average of $7,000 or above
* Poor (15%) - average of $6,500 or below
b. Proportion of the population in each class
* Rich (18%)
* Middle (67%)
* Poor (15%)
c. Is the distribution distorted
* No, it is very clear distribution
5. Mineral and resources
* Ukraine is relatively rich in natural resources, particularly in mineral deposits. Although oil and natural gas reserves in the country are largely exhausted, it has other important energy sources, such as coal, hydroelectricity and nuclear fuel raw materials. 6. Surface transportation

a. Modes
* Railways
* Highways
* Aviation
* Waterways
b. Availability
* Trains
* Vehicles
* Airplanes
* Ships
c. Usage rates
* 15%% of Railways
* 52% of Highways
* 27% of Aviation
* 6% of Waterways
d. Ports
* There are 437 airports
* There are 7 seaports
7. Communication systems
a. Types
* Telephone
* Broadcast media
* Internet
* Post
b. Availability and Usage rates
* Main Telephones (7%)
* Mobile Cellular (43%)
* TV (11%)
* Radio (4%)
* Internet (35%)
8. Working conditions
a. Employer-employee rations
* Employment relations in Ukraine are generally governed by the Labor Code. The Constitution of Ukraine and the Labor Code both preclude discrimination based on color of skin, race, ethnic and social origin, religious, political and other beliefs, sex, property status, place of residence, linguistic or other characteristics. b. Employee participation

* In Ukraine, levels of employee autonomy in carrying out job tasks are low in West European terms. The involvement concept was essentially unknown in Soviet enterprises and remains obscure to most Ukrainian practitioners. Soviet management systems were strictly hierarchical organizational structures and authoritarian cultures which made no effort to generate genuine employee involvement. c. Salaries and benefits

* Wages and other payments to Ukrainian employees should be paid in national currency (UAH). Minimum wage levels are prescribed in the annual budget law. Wages and other payments to foreign employees may be paid in foreign currency credited on a monthly basis. * Annual holiday. In general, an employee's...
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