MASTER IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION / THEORIES & PRACTICES OF PUBLIC GOVERNANCE PA 4001
CRITIQUE PAPER 2
ATTY. CYRIL BRYAN DOSDOS CUIZON, MPA
ANDY CHRISTIAN C. LAURITO
COUNTRY GOVERNANCE ASSESMENT PHILIPPINES
By: ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
“Country Governance Assessment Philippines” by the Asian Development Bank (ADB, March 2005: 10-151) is committed in supporting the reform agenda for improving governance in the Philippines through this evaluation. Governance is broadly defined as the sound exercise of political, economic, and administrative authority to manage a country’s resources for development. It involves the institutionalization of a system through which citizens, institutions, organizations, and groups in a society articulate their interests, exercise their rights, and mediate their differences in pursuit of the collective good (ADB, 1995). With support from the Asian Development Bank, the study focuses on critical concerns of public management and prioritizes the governance and anticorruption policies for developing member countries (DMCs). The absence of good governance is the reason why many countries—especially in the third world (also referred to as the DMCs by the Asian Development Bank [ADB])—continue to fail in their efforts at poverty reduction and in their quest for economic and human development. This assessment of Philippine governance focuses on the seven areas that hold major roles in attaining good governance: civil service and the bureaucracy, public financial management and fiscal administration, legal and judicial systems, local governance and decentralization, electoral systems, legislative system, and civil society and governance. In each section it provides an overview and background of the area of governance; a...