Counselling Techniques

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In counseling, there was an early emphasis on reflection of feelings.  Carl Rogers stressed the importance of grasping the world of the client and reflecting this understanding.  Rogers’s basic assumptions are that people are essentially trustworthy and they have a great potential for understanding themselves and resolving their own problems without direct intervention of the therapist. In a counseling setting, it is more important that the client-therapist relationship be the prime determinant of the outcome of the therapeutic process.  According to Rogers, there are three therapist attributes that create this client-therapist relationship.  One is congruence (genuineness, or realness), second is unconditional positive regard (acceptance and caring), and lastly accurate empathic understanding (an ability to deeply grasp the subjective world of another person).  In counseling, these therapist attributes should be utilized so that clients will become less defensive and more open to themselves and their world. The person-centered approach rejects the role of the therapist as the authority who knows best and of the passive client who merely follows the dictates of the therapist.  This approach also stresses the importance for therapists to modify their therapeutic style to accommodate the specific needs of each client.  The person-centered approach has been applied to working with individuals, groups and families.  This approach is also, applicable in crisis intervention and group counseling. Limitations of this theory include the lack of scientific study on the effects of this method when compared with a control group who came to these realizations and developments on their own.  Another concern is the inability of therapists to be appropriately challenging of clients while being overly empathetic.  A final concern with this approach is the difficulty counselor has with allowing clients to come to their own decisions without the directive from said counselor. ...
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