1}. RESEARCH TOPIC
COUNSELING AMONG HIV/AIDS CLIENT AGED BETWEEN 14-29 YEARS IN SEROWE.
According to Taylor (1999) counseling is giving advice/ guidance to a client, it also include assisting a client in problem solving and often family members are included in the counseling session. Interpersonal skills of warmth, friendliness, openness and empathy are necessary ingredients for successful counseling. Counseling is divided into 3 categories which are; motivational counseling, short term and long term counseling. Motivational counseling involves discussing feeling and incentives with client, short term counseling focuses on the immediate problem or concern of the client and family. It can be relatively minor/major crisis, but whatever the situation, it needs immediate attention. Long term counseling is when a counseling extends over a prolonged period of time. A client may needs the counseling of the counselor daily, weekly or monthly intervals and is common in clients who are experiencing developmental crisis e.g women going through menopause needs assistance of the nurse when adjusting to the changes they experience.
According to ‘’HIV/AIDS COUNSELOUR TRAINING GUIDE’’ (2002), since the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS in Botswana, the Botswana training counseling guide has adopted counseling as a major strategy in AIDS prevention and care. The National Policy on AIDS and medium term plan II ( which focuses on a multi - sectoral approach to AIDS intervention) emphatically outline the need for accessible counseling service at all level and in all sectors. As early as 1989, gorvement committed resources to train and equip care givers, mainly from health sectors, with counseling skills. In an endeavour to stabilize the counseling training, gorvement collaborated with the institutes of development and management to carry out training based on a jointly developed curriculum. A total of 120 counselors were trained. However inoder to match the epidemic’s magnitude and to accommodates the desired training of counselors and care givers at all levels, a needs assessments was conducted, and consequently the counselor training curriculum reviewed. The needs to train more counselors still exists. The number to be trained to meet the needs of the infected population has to be determined on the basis of population per district, rate of infection and clientele per facility.
3}. RESEACH QUESTION
What are the impacts of counseling among HIV/AIDS client aged between 14-29 years in Serowe.
4). STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Majority of people often neglect counseling and prefer to solve their problem in a harmful way like smoking and drinking alcohol as a way of forgetting their problem. Counseling is very important because it empower individual to be able to have a positive view of self, deal with normal human emotions, be successful in relating with others and to adapt to change and cope with the pains of this world. Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS usually severely affect the psychological function of the individual, make client to have impaired ability to relate well with others, to have a distorted view of self and others and all this mental illness is due the fact that HIV/AIDS have no cure. Discrimination often occurs and this habit makes the HIV/AIDS client to lack confidence in disclosing their status, therefore counseling must be given the highest priority...