The overall economic costs of smoking cigarettes has become somewhat of an epidemic in society for a variety of reasons. It includes numerous private and social costs. The private cost to smokers goes far beyond the price of cigarettes alone. Smokers also pay with their health, life, and finances. Alongside the great cost to smokers, they enjoy benefits to the same degree. The total cost of smoking not only effects smokers, but society as well. The externalities from smoking are both negative and positive. Society bears the burden of the negative externalities, or social costs, both physically and monetarily. The positive externalities, or social benefits, play a significant economic role in society. The tobacco industry generates a great deal of revenue; thus adding to the country's GDP. And due to the heavy taxing, cigarettes and tobacco are a rich source of revenue to the Treasury.
Does the social cost of smoking outweigh the social benefit? Are tobacco taxes reasonable and fair? In order to answer these questions the issues addressed in the following paragraphs include the social costs of smoking, whether smokers cover the smoking-related costs that the rest of the community bears, and whether the average lifetime health care costs of tobacco users is higher than those of non-smokers. The private costs and benefits which effect every consumer of cigarettes will be analyzed first. Then the social costs and benefits resulting from private externalities will be analyzed. The revenue, taxes, and tax effects will be outlined and evaluated for fairness.
Finally, a conclusion and summary of the results will be given.
The Private Cost and Benefit of Smoking Cigarettes
The total cost of cigarette consumption to smokers is extensive. It includes monetary costs, health costs, and discriminatory costs. "Researchers at Duke University found that the total cost of smoking -- the cigarettes, lost earnings, impact... [continues]
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