Cosmopolitan Education for a Global Stance: Summary of Martha Nussbaum’s Essay “Patriotism and Cosmopolitism, ”

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Cosmopolitan Education for a Global Stance

In Martha Nussbaum’s essay “Patriotism and Cosmopolitism,” she uses various stories, quotes, and examples to portray the value of a cosmopolitan education, as well as stress the need to transcend our borders to include all of humanity. In one of the examples, she talks about a sequence of circles in succession that usually begins with placing ourselves in the middle as we head in an outward direction. As these circles grow and move outward, they may include family, friends, our community, and so forth until the series of circles captivate the world as a whole. But Nussbaum asks us to take a more cosmopolitan approach and to reconsider where the start or the center of the circles is located. She invites us to draw the first circle around all humanity and work our ways out towards the individual. In doing so she explains that our view won’t be so focused on our immediate surroundings that stop at the borders of a nation, but give value to all humans, and provide humanity the respect it needs and deserves. Throughout all of her examples, Nussbaum not only stresses the importance of taking a more cosmopolitan stance on matters that nations may encounter, she also stresses the importance of having a greater cosmopolitan education set in place so that humanity will have an improved understanding in dealing with these problems that not only involve individual nations, but the entire civilization. Nussbaum starts her argument in stating that without a push for a more cosmopolitan education, there is a potential danger of believing that the only options available are the ones that seem natural and what we’ve been accustomed to. She also states that in dealing with these differences, one will learned more about themselves. She maintains that when using an expanded view of the world, one would notice that many beliefs, customs, and practices differ from our own, and are not always universal. One of the examples...
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