Review of the Literature
Of the 223,000 cosmetic surgeries in 2003 on patients who were 18 years old or younger, 39,000 of them were breast augmentation, nose reshaping, and liposuction. Many parents are giving their teenage daughters breast implants for gifts. However, parents and teens do not take into consideration that teens' bodies are still developing (Zuckerman, 2005). As the adolescent's body grows, body parts that seem to large or too small can become proportionate (Izenberg, 2004). The average teenage girl can gain weight between the ages of 18 and 21. The weight gain could change a teen's mind about needing breast implants or liposuction (Zuckerman, 2005). Teenage girls who have a poor body image may want cosmetic surgery to feel better about themselves. They also want to fit in and be accepted by their peers (Izenberg, 2004). Researchers have yet to conduct studies on the long term effects or benefits among teens that have had cosmetic surgery. There are studies that have found an increase in body satisfaction among older teens (Zuckerman, 2005). Eisenberg, Neumark-Sztainer, and Paxton (2006) did a study on body satisfaction among adolescence. In 1999 and in 2004, they had adolescence complete a survey to report how satisfied they were with 10 body parts, height and weight, and other attributes. The researchers found that as teen moved through adolescence, body satisfaction decreased except in older females. Girls who were transitioning from high school to young adulthood reported higher body satisfaction. It is possible that maturity and other personal characteristics are more important to their self image (Eisenberg, Neumark-Sztainer, & Paxton, 2006). Parents and teens who are considering cosmetic surgery need to be aware of the risks of surgery. Most women who had a breast augmentation reported serious complications within three years. These complications include infection, painful hardening of the breast, loss of nipple sensation,...
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