Cosmetic Surgery

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Expository Essay on Cosmetic Surgery

Nicole Lynne Simko

University of Phoenix

COM150: Effective Essay Writing

November 4th, 2011

High school for many teenagers can be a very difficult time, trying to fit in and becoming part of the popular crowd. Many teenagers experience low self esteem issues, what is the solution to a young adult’s self esteem problems? Cosmetic Surgery has been known to help older adults feel confident again, so why not provide teenagers with the same solution to their self image issues. Many teenagers experience low self-esteem and the latest solution to remedy these issues is cosmetic surgery. How advisable are these procedures for a young adult? For some physicians there is no issue with teenagers having cosmetic procedures performed as long as the teenager is electing to have the surgery for the right reasons. To increase self esteem is not one of the right reasons. Many acceptable reasons for having cosmetic surgery procedures exist, and the reasons will vary depending on what procedure is performed. The number of Cosmetic Surgery procedures performed each year is on the rise, some of these Cosmetic Procedures, however, are more popular than others. Breast Augmentation and Rhinoplasty, more commonly referred to as a nose job, are two of the most popular Cosmetic Procedures among women. While women are not the only ones going under the knife a few popular cosmetic procedures among men are Rhinoplasty and Eyelid Reconstruction ("American Society of Plastic Surgeons", 2011). While each of these Cosmetic Procedures requires that the patient be sedated or anesthetized, and an incision be made because of the body part the length and difficulty of the surgery can differ. “Breast Augmentation uses implants to fulfill a patient’s desire for fuller breasts or to restore breast volume after weight loss or pregnancy” ("Plastic Surgery Guide", 2011). The first step in Breast Augmentation is anesthesia, second is the incision. The incision is usually done in inconspicuous areas like under the breast or around the areola. Once the incision has been made the implant can be placed, there are two different types of implants, silicon and saline. Essentially there is no difference between the two types of implants, basically just patient preference. Ultimately the choice between saline or silicon implant is left up to the patient. After the implant has been placed the incision will be closed and the patient sent to recover ("Plastic Surgery Guide", 2011). Rhinoplasty procedure is similar to Breast Augmentation in that the procedure follows some of the same steps anesthesia and incision. After the incision has been made the nose can be reshaped or a deviated septum corrected. Once the reshaping is completed the incision will be closed. Last, Eyelid Reconstruction surgery is essentially very simple. The patient will be anesthetized, an incision will be made, and the eyebrow lifted. During all of these procedures the patient is sedated by anesthetic medication for the duration of the surgery. Once the patient is sedated the surgery can begin. Like any medical procedure there are risks involved. These risks can range anywhere from complications with anesthesia to complications with the surgery itself. Some of the risks and complications from the anesthesia can be, but are not limited to blood clots, brain damage, death, stroke, and heart attack. In addition to the anesthetic complications the patients can also experience necrotic tissue, asymmetry of the body part undergoing cosmetic surgery, a seroma or fluid build up under the skin, and numbness or tingling from the cosmetic procedure alone ("Smart Plastic Surgery", 2011). While Breast Augmentation, Rhinoplastly, and Eyelid Reconstruction are the most popular cosmetic procedures, there are areas in the United States where these procedures are performed at a higher rate. For instance cities like Miami, New York, and Los...
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