March. 6th, 2013
1. The topic is Plastic surgery, encyclopedia Britannica is the publisher of it and its up to date because they publish it on jan.1st, 2012. The auther is Karl Ferdinand von Gräfe, (born March 8, 1787, Warsaw—died July 4, 1840, Hannover, Hanover, Ger.), German surgeon who helped to create modern plastic surgery. A superintendent of German military hospitals during the Napoleonic Wars (1800–15), he also served as professor of surgery and director of the surgical clinic at the University of Berlin (1810–40). He improved the English surgeon Joseph Carpue’s adaptation of the “Indian method” and revived the 16th-century surgeon Gasparo Tagliacozzi’s “Italian method” of plastic surgery on the nose. The Indian method uses a skin graft from the forehead and the Italian from the upper arm. Gräfe also developed an operation for repairing a cleft palate and made technical improvements in the administration of blood transfusions. Gräfe’s son, Albrecht, became a noted eye surgeon. This topic would fit as my introduction in my essay. 2. The topic is the negative effects of plastic surgery, the publisher is a called ehow health and it is up to date its since 1999 to 2013. the author is Jennifer Eblin has been a full-time freelance writer since 2006. Her work has appeared on several websites, including Tool Box Tales and Zonder. Eblin received a master's degree in historic preservation from the Savannah College of Art and Design. This topic will help me argue about my essay that plastic surgery should be banned because it talks about the negative effects of plastic surgery.