Corruption Perception Index

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QUESTION
The Corruption Perception Index (CPI) is a comparative assessment of a country’s integrity performance along with related academic research on corruption. Provide a description of this index and its ranking. Identify the five countries with the lowest and five with highest CPI scores according to this index. 1.0 INTRODUCTION

Ethics is accepted principles of right or wrong that govern the conduct of a person, the members of a profession and the actions of an organization. There are five ethical issues which are employment practices, human rights, environmental regulations, corruption and the moral obligation of multinational companies. Corruption means misusing public office for personal gain for example, by accepting bribes or by charging personal expenditure to a public expenses account. Besides that, there are several types of corruption that found in local government which are extortion, embezzlement and bribery.

Extortion is threatening or inflicting harm to a person, their reputation, or their property in order to unjustly obtain money, actions, services or other goods from that person such as blackmail. Embezzlement in other hands is the illegal taking or appropriation of money or property that has been entrusted to a person but is actually owned by another. In political terms this is called graft which is when a political office holder unlawfully uses public funds for personal purposes. Moreover bribery is offering something to the other person in terms of money or goods and services in order to gain an unfair advantage.

Transparency International is the global civil society organization that leading the fight against corruption. They publish the Corruption perception index (CPI) annually. CPI ranks the countries or territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be. It also reflects the views of observers from around the world. The results are based on the surveys and assessments, either business people opinion surveys or performance assessments from a group of analysts. The 2011 CPI measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 183 countries and territories around the world. A country/territory’s score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 - 10, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 10 means that a country is perceived as very clean.

In addition, based on 2011 CPI results, the five countries with the least level of corruption are New Zealand, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Singapore. It shows that New Zealand scored 9.5 which nearest to 10, means that the country is the almost clean from corruption. In other hands, the five countries with high level of corruption are Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, North Korea and Somalia. Moreover, based on the results, Malaysia was at 60th place, scored 4.3 which far from 10. This shows that Malaysia need to improve in many sector to be one of a clean country from corruption.

2.0 FIVE COUNTRIES WITH THE LOWEST CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX (CPI) SCORES. 2.1 New Zealand
Firstly in terms of culture, the world believes New Zealand is the least corrupt country in the world. Corruption Perception Index (CPI) to compare levels of economic in different countries and has consistently ranked New Zealand as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. It has ranked New Zealand as one of the least corrupt out of 183 countries since 2003.One of the Asia-Pacific region’s most prosperous countries. The politics of New Zealand take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy. Therefore, New Zealand has strong reputation for clean government to fight again corruption.

Secondly in law enforcement. The judicial system functions well in New Zealand that contributes them to be a least corrupt country. The government also have anti-corruption agency called New Zealand Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and the New Zealand Police. SFO focuses on...
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