“Corruption, is a kind of allurement, psychologically encourage the human being to do or not to do anything in order to make personal gains whether in kind, cash or otherwise.”
Corruption is a global phenomenon, found in one shape or the other whether the country is a democratic, kingship, Socialist or Communist, developing or a developed. Hardly a country is free from the clutches of the devil of corruption. The subject of corruption figures in every international summit, as almost all the countries have fallen under its grip.
A recent World Bank survey reveals that the corruption as on date, involves those responsible for making laws, responsible to execute the policies and laws of the nation that means the politicians, bureaucrats are mostly involved involved in corruption. The survey points out that "Corruption is the most infallible symptom of constitutional and administrative liberty."
The 1999 report on Human Development in South Asia that covers India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Shri Lanka and Nepal finds the corruption as the most damaging resulting of poor governance. According to the report, "Corruption undermined investment and economic growth and deepened the extent of poverty". The report also characterized the South Asian countries engulfed with corruption, that to a great extent responsible for their slow progress. The peculiarity of corruption in these countries is summarized in the following points:
(1) Corruption begins at the top and so distorts on developmental programmes and priorities.
(2) Money earned through corruption is smuggled abroad in safe havens and not ploughed back into the domestic economy.
(3) Corruption generally leads to promotion, not punishment and the sharks, unless they belong to opposition rarely caught. If caught, manage to escape in due course of time, as judicial system takes unreasonably longtime to dispose off the cases.
In India, corruption has become a way of life. In the words of Nitin...