Corruption

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Corruption in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Political corruption|
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Concepts|
* Bribery  * Cronyism  * Kleptocracy * Economics of corruption  * Electoral fraud * Nepotism  * Slush fund  * Plutocracy * Political scandal| Corruption by country|
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Corruption in India is a major issue and adversely affects its economy.[1] A 2005 study conducted by Transparency International in India found that more than 62% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully.[2][3] In its 2008 study, Transparency International reports about 40% of Indians had firsthand experience of paying bribes or using a contact to get a job done in public office.[4] In 2012 India has ranked 94th out of 176 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, tied with Benin, Colombia, Djibouti, Greece, Moldova, Mongolia, and Senegal.[5] Most of the largest sources of corruption in India are entitlement programmes and social spending schemes enacted by the Indian government. Examples include Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act and National Rural Health Mission.[6][7] Other daily sources of corruption include India's trucking industry which is forced to pay billions in bribes annually to numerous regulatory and police stops on its interstate highways.[8] Indian media has widely published allegations of corrupt Indian citizens stashing trillions of dollars in Swiss banks. Swiss authorities, however, deny these allegations.[9][10] The causes of corruption in India include excessive regulations, complicated taxes and licensing systems, numerous government departments each with opaque bureaucracy and discretionary powers, monopoly by government controlled institutions on certain goods and services delivery, and the lack of transparent laws and processes.[11][12] There are significant variations in level of corruption as well as in state government efforts to reduce corruption across India. Contents  [hide]  * 1 History * 2 Politics * 3 Bureaucracy * 3.1 Land and property * 3.2 Tendering processes and awarding contracts * 3.3 Medicine * 3.4 Science and technology * 3.5 Income tax department * 3.6 Preferential award of mineral resources * 3.7 Driver Licensing * 3.8 Claimed trends * 4 Black money * 4.1 Black Money in Switzerland * 5 Judiciary * 6 Armed forces * 7 Right to Information Act * 8 Anti-Corruption Laws in India * 9 Anti-corruption police and courts * 10 Anti-corruption organisations * 11 Causes of corruption in India * 12 Effects of corruption * 12.1 Economic Concerns * 12.2 Lower corruption, higher growth rates * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 Further reading * 16 External links| -------------------------------------------------

History[edit]

In 17th century, during India's colonial era, corruption had become a serious issue. The British parliament witnessed numerous debates on bribery and corruption particularly in the East-India Company. Numerous East-India Company officials were arrested and sent to the Tower of London. Image shows cover of a collection of these parliamentary debates. The economy of India was under socialist-inspired policies for an entire generation from the 1950s until the late 1980s. The economy was characterised by extensive regulation, protectionism, and public...
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