Corruption

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Report No.: 23687-PH

Combating Corruption in the Philippines: An Update
September 30, 2001 Philippine Country Management Unit East Asia and Pacific Regional Office

Document of the World Bank

CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS (As of September 30, 2001) Currency Unit = Peso (P) = P51.34 $1.00 = $0.019 1 Peso

FISCAL YEAR January 1- December 31

GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS Asian Development Bank ADB AusAID Australian Agency for International Development BIR Bureau of Internal Revenue Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas BSP BWRC Best World Resources Corporation Consultative Group CG CIDA Canadian Intemational Development Agency Commission on Audit COA Corruption Perception Index CPI Civil Service Commission CSC Development Academy of the DAP Philippines Department of Budget and DBM Management DECS Department of Education, Culture and Sports DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources DILG Department of Interior and Local Government Department of Health DOH Department of Justice DOJ DPWH Department of Public Works and Highway Government of the Philippines GOP IAAGCC Inter-Agency Anti-Graft Coordinating Council Institute of Corporate Directors ICD Information and Communications Technology Local government unit LGU Makati Business Club MBC MTPDP Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan National Bureau of Investigation NBI NEDA National Economic and Development Authority Non-governmental Organization NGO OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Philippine peso P PAGC Presidential Anti-Graft Commission PCAGC Presidential Commission Against Graft and Corruption Presidential Committee on Effective PCEG Governance PCGG Presidential Commission on Good Governance Philippine Center for Investigative PCIJ Journalism PW Procurement Watch Securities and Exchange Commission SEC Social Weather Stations SWS TAG Transparent Accountable Governance UNDP United Nations Development Programme USAID United States Agency for International Development ICT

COMBATING CORRUPTION IN THE PHILIPPINES: AN UPDATE
TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................... i 1. 1999: NINE-POINT APPROACH TO COMBAT CORRUPTION ....................... 2. 2000: A YEAR OF WIDENING GOVERNANCE DEFICIT ................................. PUBLIC SECTOR CORRUPTION ................................................................ PRIVATE SECTOR CORRUPTION ............................................................... KEY DEFINING EVENTSS INCE MID-1999 .............................................................. 1 3

5 9 11

3. NEW INITIATIVES AND ALLIANCES IN THE SHADOW OF WIDENING
GOVERNANCE DEFICIT.............................................................. ADMINISTRATIVE AND LEGISLATIVE REFORMS ............................................................ OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN .............................................................. PROCUREMENT REFORMS .............................................................. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT REFORMS ............................................................... PUBLIC SECTOR REFORMS ............................................................... JUDICIAL SECTOR REFORMS .............................................................. ANTICORRUPTION STRATEGY .............................................................. INTER-AGENCY COORDINATION .............................................................. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE .............................................................. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY .................................................... INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM .............................................................. COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT, PRIVATE SECTOR AND CIVIL SOCIETY ............................................................... DONOR COORDINATION .............................................................. 14

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