Nichelle Cardona PSYCH 234 Dr. Treicey Research Paper
Teenage Pregnancy and its effects on Academic Achievement….
Adolescent pregnancy is a female who is under the age of 19 and who is pregnant. Teenage pregnancy is defined as teenaged or under aged girl (usually within the ages of 13-19) becoming pregnant. The term in everyday speech usually refers to women who have not reached legal adulthood, which usually varies across the world, who become pregnant (Wikipedia).
There are a lot of factors that may lead to this unfortunate situation among teenage girls. Some of the causes are lack of parental affectionate supervision, curiosity, freedom, lack of sex education. Many parents have jobs and work long hours and don’t have the time to be amongst their children as they should be. This can lead to frustration in a teenage girl, causing her to seek affection elsewhere. Carelessness on the part of parents causes a great frustration amongst the adolescents or teenagers, compelling them to seek affection and love from their boyfriends (Writer, 2009). Curiosity is also a cause of teenage pregnancy. Teenagers, in general, become very curious towards sex, especially if they are in the proximity of their peers that are engaging in that type of activity. A teenage girl’s curiosity among the proximity of some boys may cause the girl to do whatever she finds enjoyable with a boy. Due to working parents and single parenting, teenagers are often left alone to fend for themselves. This type of freedom leads to teenage girls having several hours to spend interacting with boys and being in seclusion with them, in which can also be a contribution to teenage pregnancy. Another cause, which is extremely imperative, is lack of sexual education. Parents have to educate their children, especially their daughter about the consequences of being a teen mother. There is also education provided outside the home, such as school and clinics, though there is what is called the Parent Notification Laws (PNLs). The Parent Notification laws require minors to have consent from their parents to obtain prescription contraceptives and reproductive health care services.
Another theory in the etiology of teen pregnancy is the absence of the father in an adolescent girl’s life. A longer duration of father’s absence results in the daughter’s having a greater exposure to their mother dating and future relationships behaviors, and this exposure may encourage earlier onset of sexual behavior in daughters (Barnet, 2003). Teenage girls might look for the comfort of a male due to the absence of their father. This father-absence may cause a personality change in a teenage girl which may cause early and ongoing unstable relationships with men.
Though it is very important for parents to be very involved in their teenage daughter’s life, the PNL prohibit them to confidentiality concerning their need to obtain the necessary education from an outside source other than their home base. This may lead some adolescents to suppress important information, delay or avoid medical treatment. This can make it very difficult for a physician to provide appropriate care if the adolescent is in need of medical attention and is avoiding treatment due to PNLs. Numerous heath care professional organizations conclude that “the potential health risks to adolescents if they are unable to obtain reproductive health services are so compelling that legal barriers and deference to parental involvement should not stand in the way of needed health care for patients who request confidentiality”(Eisenberg, et.al., 2005). Parents feel the need to be involved in the health care of their children. They want to be notified of all medical attention given to their minor. Though there are some...