January 23, 2013
According to the text “American Corrections (10 ed.)”, corrections is the variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses. The three main purposes of the correction system are offense, guilt, and punishment. The main purpose and/or goal of corrections are to carry out the criminal system with regards to the judicial system. Corrections also focus on those who may have been accused but not yet sentenced. Some have been released on bail, sitting in a local county jail awaiting trial, or in a rehab facility for substance abuse. The correctional activities are carried out by public and private institutions on three different levels; federal, state, and local government institutions. With the corrections system these public and private organizations must protect the community and give fair punishment to the offender or offenders. When punishment and protection come together but do not counteract with one another goal conflict arises. The system then does not operate effectively. Some other issues also involve improper funding for the correctional facilities in society that house these offenders. There are many programs within the corrections system that assist with the corrections system when a person is convicted. The specific types of activities under corrections are pretrial drug treatment, electronically monitored home confinement, work centers, and residential treatment programs. Pretrial drug treatment is used for those who are convicted of drug sale and/or possession. In the some cases if the treatment is completed successfully the offenders charges may or may not then become dismissed. Electronically monitored home confinement also known as house arrest is thought of as the alternative to prison time. If the crime does not seem that severe in which one must...