March 12, 2012
Correctional officers are in charge of overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are currently awaiting trial, and those that have been convicted of a crime and sentenced to serve a sentence in jail of prison (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010-11). Correctional officers usually have no law enforcement duties outside of a prison of jail facility they work at maintaining order within the institute and they over see many inmates preventing assault, disturbances, and escapes. The job of a correctional officer can be very dangerous and stressful, correctional officers are forced to work around offenders from nonviolent to offenders considered very dangerous. Correctional officers work all days of the week including holidays, a corrections officers schedule consists of five day work weeks working eight hour days.
Throughout this paper a history of corrections will be examined, the influence in which corrections has, theories in which corrections fall under, and the acquiring needs in corrections will be discussed.
History of Corrections
To retain a sense of peace and security within the criminal justice system in the United States of America, punishment, and corrections the country must be up to par and strive to evolve for more improvement over time. The history of our correction methods however proves to be just that as they change over-time with an extensive backstory on its origins.
With the highest number of inmates in the world, America’s correctional facilities and their customs can be stretched back to a European ancestry. The system that was once used by the austere Europeans was used specifically in countries such as Holland, France, and of course, England itself (Criminal Justice Direct, 2012). These roots are more apparent when pilgrims and colonists initially set foot upon the land that we know to be America. When the colonists first arrived to America, they came with a general concept of... [continues]
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