December 13, 2010
Various forms of punishments exercised during the 1700s were mutilation of all or some body parts, whippings, branding, and torture. Some people could be cast out or exiled from their neighborhood or country. The most serious crimes resulted in capital punishment. In addition, forced labor and the equivalent of prostitution was a common kind of punishment enforced on females. “Attitudes toward crime and punishment historically have been informed by prevailing ideas about class, gender, race, and nation” (“Crime and Punishment, Changing Attitude Toward, 2008). Most crimes during these times were non-violent. Activities that would be considered criminal in the 1700s would not be considered a crime today. Most events and activities that led to punishment were more ethical in nature such as adultery."There's nothing in that environment that helps them with addiction or job skills or any of that," said Jeanine Tobias of the women's prison system. According to many women, their prison system is much more limited than their male counterparts. Many female ex-convicts describe the women's prison system as "safe" (Warren, 2005). This perception is correct in many ways. Many women's prisons do not offer rehabilitation or post-release help as many male prisons do. Oftentimes, women commit non-violent crimes to be sent back to prison. Female ex-convicts are denied access to welfare and many other government programs. Women’s prison mirrors their male counterpart's experience in the way that freedom is not granted. Women's prison can vary depending on severity of crime or paternity status. Oftentimes, there are barracks type wards for pregnant or parents to live in within a women's prison. Housing conditions are comparable in both cases. There is, many reports of abuse within women's prison. Often time’s reports of sexual or physical abuse are within the system. Whether or not these...