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Cornucopian Theory

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Cornuopian theory
A cornucopian is a futurist who believes that continued progress and provision of material items for mankind can be met by similarly continued advances in technology. Fundamentally they believe that there is enough matter and energy on the earth to provide for the estimated peak population of about 9.22 billion in 2075.

The term comes from cornocupia, the "horn of plenty" of Greek mythology which magically supplied its owners with endless food and drink. The cornucopians are sometimes known as "boomsters"

Limits to growth thesis
There are limits to population growth because finite resources will be used up, and renewable resources can be overused or damaged. Computer models have predicted that if these trends in population growth, economic development, resource use and consumption continue, within 100 years earths carrying capacity will be exceeded. 

Expansionist world view
-The value of the worlds resources lies in their importance to society in the creation of wealth and other benefits for humankind. -Science and technology can control and tame nature for the benefit of humankind. - Nature is a resource to be used, not preserved.

Ecological world view
-humans have a spiritual relationship with nature that can be preserved only if nature is protected against exploitation. -all parts of the natural world are interrelated; thus, humans must work within the limitations of the planets ecosystem because damage to one part will have a ripple effect, ultimately damaging humanity.  -how people treat nature is a reflection of the state of human society. 

Sustainable development
-sustainable development meets the needs of people today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. -according to the world conservation strategy (1980) development programs should have these three objectives: maintenance of essential ecological processes, sustainable use of earths resources, preservation of genetic diversity...

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