In countries with advanced local industry almost always have laws designed to foster innovation by regulating the order of replication of inventions, distinctive characters and products of creative expression. Such laws include four separate and distinct types of intangible property - patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets - which in their totality are referred to as "intellectual property".
Intellectual property has many features in common with the real and personal property. For example, intellectual property is an asset and as such it can buy, sell, license, trade or give away for free, just like any other form of property. In addition, the owner of intellectual property has the right to prohibit the unauthorized use or sale of the property. In this case, the most remarkable difference between intellectual property and other forms of property lies in the fact that intellectual property is intangible, then there can not be defined or identified by its physical parameters. To be copyrightable, it must be expressed by some visible way.
All four types of intellectual property are protected on a national basis. Thus, the scope of protection and the need for obtaining it vary from country to country. However, among national legal systems have similar features. Moreover, there is now a global trend towards harmonization of national legislations.
On the intellectual private property referred to in recent times a lot, especially on such of his form as copyright.
Until very recently, copyright was an industrial law. If you were in the area of copyright, so can enjoy the extraordinary industrial equipment - printing presses, movie cameras, audiostudy. The cost of equipment was significant because it was not difficult to add another hundred bucks for the services of a good lawyer on copyright. Legal expenses represented only two percent of the cost of the enterprise.Came the Internet and personal computer. Two of these technologies, like a... [continues]
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