Copper Synthesis Experiment

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Experiment 1: Synthesis of Copper Compounds

Introduction
This experiment involves the synthesis of compounds originating from pure solid copper. By applying solubility rules and the reactive properties of substances, many compounds which would otherwise be costly to extract from nature are able to be synthesized in the laboratory. Laboratory synthesized may sometimes be more economical than natural extraction, however it poses its own problems with the amount of substance that is actually yielded from the production reactions (Stathopulos, 2007). Almost no reaction has 100% yield, thus scientists inadvertently produce undesired products that must be filtered or decanted out of solution (Petrucci et al, 2007). Beginning with pure copper wire, this experiment will exhibit its transformation to substances including Cu(NO3)2, Cu(OH)2, CuO, CuSO4 . 5H2O and finally returning to pure copper (Cu). The experiment objective is to successfully complete these conversions and then calculate the percentage of recovered copper using the initial and final mass data obtained. Procedure

Please refer to "Experiment 1: Synthesis of Copper Compounds" on pages 11-13 in the CHEM 120L lab manual for the procedure outline. All steps were followed without deviation. Results and Observations

Please refer to the calculations and tables (16) located on the following 2 pages.

INITIAL MASS (copper wire) – 1.120g FINAL MASS (recovered copper – dish mass) – 37.88g % Recovery = Recovered mass / Initial Mass . 100 = 37.88g / 1.120g . 100 = 3382%

Table 1- Reaction of Cu with Nitric Acid
ReactionCu + 4HNO3  Cu(NO3)2 + 2NO2 + 2H2O
Description•Nitric acid dissolved copper wire completely
•A brown gas was produced
•Black precipitate formed
Table 2- Formation of Cu(OH)2
ReactionCu(NO3)2 + 2NaOH  Cu(OH)2 + 2NaNO3
Description•Solution turned from a bright blue colour to a very dark blue •Solution turned from very light to extremely thick,...
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