Coporate Social Responsibility

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Over the past decades, there have been increasing concerns from the public that many businesses have little concern for the consumer, care nothing about the deteriorating social order, and are indifferent to the problems of the environment and minorities. What do business and ethics have in common? Is ethical behavior expected and rewarded in the business world? Is it sufficient as a businessman to manage business as long he comply government regulations? Or basically, what is the purpose of the big business organization? These concerns are often related as what social responsibilities have. Is there a social responsibility of business? This question is asked many times in a variety of ways, with just as many answers. Most of the debates focused on the two extreme classical and socioeconomic views of social responsibility. The classical view holds that corporate social responsibility is to maximize profit (Friedman, 1970). Opposing to such view is the socioeconomic view of social responsibility. Theorists such as R. Edward Freeman (1984) supporting such view believe ‘that business owes something back to the society that supports it, and that this debt is greater than the debt of the individual members of society lower the wages of some employees, he is spending their money'. Argument against Corporate Responsibility In the past, the concept of business responsibility was mostly based on the classical, economic model. A Business Week/Harris poll of over 1,000 Americans found that 95% reject the notion that a corporation's role is limited to profit maximization. Freeman (1984) defines a stakeholder group as 'any group or individual who can affect or is affected by a business. ‘For Friedman (1970), the corporate executive is 'an agent of the individual who own the corporation. In today's socially aware environment, a business organization often find itself being criticized for some actions it has taken or failed to take. A few of the visible examples have included...