By: Michele Combs, RN
February 7, 2011
Teaching Plan for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the 4th leading cause of death in the United States and is a major cause of morbidity (CDC, 2011). COPD is a group of diseases which cause airflow blockage and breathing related problems such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and some forms of asthma (CDC, 2011). COPD kills more than 120,000 Americans each year and is expected to be the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States by 2020. According to results of the Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) study, Kentucky is ranked one of the highest areas in the world for COPD cases (Mannino, 2008). A large portion of Kentucky’s cases has been reported in Southeastern Kentucky. A study in 2008 revealed that obstructive pulmonary function impairment affects a large portion of individuals residing in Southeastern Kentucky (Methvin, Mannino, & Casey, 2008). Individuals who have been diagnosed with COPD have comprehensive learning needs. The needs of the individual focus on managing the COPD and preventing episodes of exacerbation and any other complications which may occur as a result of the COPD. Learning needs for managing COPD effectively include general knowledge of COPD, respiratory irritants to avoid, early signs of infection and ways to prevent infection, ways to reduce bronchial secretions, improving airflow, breathing exercises, and maintaining general health with proper diet and exercise. Objectives
1. The patient will have common knowledge of chronic obstructive airway disease and be able to recognize and describe early signs of infection.
2. The patient will be able to describe the medications prescribed and how to properly take them.
3. The patient will be able to identify ways to improve airflow and respiratory pattern.