Convict in Australia

Topics: New South Wales, Australia, First Fleet Pages: 3 (863 words) Published: November 20, 2011
During the 18th to 19th century, It had a large group of convicts were transported to Australia. Convicts are the people who found guilty of crime. All the convicts were transported Australia by ship and fleets. After the first fleet arrived to Australia, there were a lot of fleets arrived to Australia as well. Consequently, The Australia’s government were kept for each convict and up till the mid-1800s they recorded names, date and place of trial and sentence. The convicts were transported to all over Australia such as New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria etc…

The British government sent the first convict s to New South Wales in 1788. British decided to send the army and prison officers as well as the prisoners. They were almost all of them English from British. About 83 percent of convicts are male and 70 percent are speaking English, but 75 percent were unskilled workers. The oldest person was about sixty year old and youngest is about nine. The reason of sent the convicts to Australia. It prevented the continent natural resource and raw material which England wanted. The problems solves with British’s overcrowded prisons by establishing a new penal colony which showed promises for eventually becoming self- supporting.

In 1718, British had been sending the convicts to American colonies, but the American Revolutionary war about the war of independences. After 1775, the convicts transported to America had end. Secondly, it was England but the convicts extremely unhealthy when they travelled overnight to Australia. The west India and Africa were unsuitable for convicts to live there. Likewise, diseases and climates are also problems of immigration. India had already crowed of population, so they didn’t allow the people to immigrate. Admittedly, New South Wales accepted convicts to immigrate Australia after 1842. The benefits on immigrate was the population had grown up, the successful on free immigration. They brought some skilled and money...
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