Contribution of Swami Dayanand in the Field of Arya Samaj

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  • Topic: Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Hindi, Swami Dayananda
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  • Published : July 20, 2012
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Contribution of Swami Dayanand in the field of Arya Samaj

Swami Dayananda's creation, the Arya Samaj, unequivocally condemns, animal sacrifice, ancestor worship, pilgrimages, priest craft, offerings made in temples, the caste system, untouchability, child marriages and discrimination against women on the grounds that all these lacked Vedic sanction. The Arya Samaj discourages dogma and symbolism and encourages skepticism in beliefs that run contrary to common sense and logic. To many people, the Arya Samaj aims to be a "universal society" based on the authority of the Vedas.

Vandana
M.A (Hindi)
M.A (English)
M.A (Education)
Pursing PhD (Education)

Contribution of Swami Dayanand in the field of Arya Samaj

Arya Samaj is a Hindu reform movement founded by Swami Dayananda on 10 April, 1875. He was a sanyasi who believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas. Dayananda emphasized the ideals of brahmacharya (chastity). There are 3–4 million followers of Arya Samaj worldwide. Swami Dayanand’s aim in founding the Arya Samaj was to “organize a society which would devote itself to bettering and raising mankind, specially the Hindu community”. Samaj means a society, and Arya means noble-that is, a society of the noble. He wanted to regenerate the people of India. Members of the Arya Samaj are to believe in one God, and to read the Vedas, as well as recite the Vedas to others. Every Arya Samaji should be interested not in his own welfare alone, but in the physical, material and spiritual progress of other human beings as well. The well-being of society becomes more important than one’s own selfish interest. There are no elaborate theoretical doctrines in the Arya Samaj, nor is it centered on any one person. The Arya Samaj movement spread rapidly in various parts of India. Arya Samaj a progressive faith was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati.  Rarely in history has one single person come to be so totally identified with the social and oral revival of a nation as Swami ji.  Education had been the biggest casualty in medieval India.  Swami ji had realized that the salvation laid in education the masses.  To achieve this cherished goal of literacy through spread of education was the keystone.  To achieve this cherished goal his followers founded the Dayanand Anglo-Vedia (DAV) College Trust and Management Society in his sacred memory which was registered in 1885 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.  This was the begining of the DAV movement. Between 1869 and 1873, Swami Dayananda Saraswati, a native of Gujarat, made his first attempt at reform in his native India. This attempt took the form of the establishment of "Vedic Schools" which put an emphasis on Vedic values, culture and religion to its students. The first was established at Farrukhabad in 1869, with 50 students enrolled in its first year. This initial success led to the founding of four additional schools in rapid succession at Mirzapur (1870), Kasganj (1870), Chhalesar (1870) and Varanasi (1873). The Vedic Schools represented the first practical application of Swami Dayanand’s vision of religious and social reform. They enjoyed a mixed reception. On the one hand, students were not allowed to perform traditional idol worship (murtipuja in Hindi) at the school, and were instead expected to perform sandhya (a form of meditative prayer using mantras from the Vedas) and participate in agnihotra twice daily. Disciplinary action was swift and not infrequently severe. On the other hand, all meals, lodging, clothing and books were given to the students free of charge, and the study of Sanskrit was opened to non-Brahmins. The most noteworthy feature of the Schools was that only those texts which accepted the authority of the Vedas were to be taught. This was critical for the spiritual and social regeneration of Vedic culture in India.

The Light of Truth
Swami Dayanand made several changes in his approach to the work of reforming Hindu society after having...
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