Contribution of Sankardeva: an Illustration from Educational Point of View

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Contribution of Sankardeva:
An illustration from Educational point of view

Parag Rajkhowa Asstt. Professor, Department of Education Sibsagar College, Joysagar.

“What Sankardeva alone was able to do now a day’s whole army of the English knowing cannot do?” M.K.Gandhi

INTRODUCTION: All religious movements are generally accompanied with, and assisted by, the efflorescence of new literature, quickly with the very soul of the literature, quicking with the very soul of movement .There was a Vaisnava literature in Assam which upheld and beautified the cult of ‘bhakti’; and its sweetness and attraction compelled people to the side of Mahapurusa Sankardeva. He was the first in Assam, to think out for himself and put in practice his social ideologies which have now become common place in our educational thinking. One of the most striking features of his contribution is that he considered religious education as the most effective tool for teaching illiterate Assamese people. On the basis of this background following objectives were formulated - 1. To mention in brief the literary works of Sankardev.

2. To study the Religious Philosophy of Sankardev.
3. To study the Social Philosophy of Sankardev.
4. To trace out the Educational Principle of Sankardeva from his religious and social philosophy.

Methodology:
For achieving these objectives the investigator analyses different books and articles written on Sankardeva as well as his contribution.

Findings and analysis
Literary works of Sankardeva:
Sankardeva received a literary form of language with poise and beauty and a few verse-forms as a legacy form his predecessors. He enlarge the scope of his literary language, coined the novel idiom of Brajabuli for his dramas and certain types of his songs and added variety and richness to the verse-forms. Sankadev’s literary output is considerable and consist of quite a wide variety; Composition in Assamese. Assamese Brajabuli and Sanskit .Sankaradeva produced a large body of work. Though there were others before him who wrote in the language of the common man – Madhav Kandali who translated the Ramayana into Assamese in the 14th century – his was the first ramayana to be written in a modern Indian language – Harivara Vipra and Hema Saraswati, it was Sankaradeva who opened the floodgates and inspired others like Madhavadeva to carry on where he left off. His language is lucid, his verses lilting, and he infused bhakti into everything he wrote. His magnum opus is his Kirtana-ghosha, a work so popular that even today it is found in nearly every household in Assam. It contains narrative verses glorifying Krishna meant for community singing. It is a bhakti kayva par excellence, written in a lively and simple language, it has "stories and songs for amusement [for children], it delights the young with true poetic beauty and elderly people find here religious instruction and wisdom". Other literary works include the rendering of eight books of the Bhagavata Purana including the Adi Dasama (Book X), Harishchandra-upakhyana (his first work), Bhakti-pradip, the Nimi-navasiddha-samvada (conversation between King Nimi and the nine Siddhas), Bhakti-ratnakara (Sanskrit verses, mostly from the Bhagavata, compiled into a book), Anadi-patana (having as its theme the creation of the universe and allied cosmological matters), Gunamala and many plays like Rukmini haran, Patni prasad, Keli gopal, Kurukshetra yatra and Srirama vijaya. There was thus a flowering of great Bhakti literature during his long life of 120 years. We can classify his literary in to following categories ---

Poetic works (kavya)

• Kirtana-ghosha
•...
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