26 March, 2012
Contribution of Nurses in Times of War Page Two Contribution of Nurses in Time of War
Without the influence of Nurses and their extraordinary contribution in times of war, the military would not be the success it is today. Before the foundation of modern nursing, the nuns and military often provided services that were similar to nursing procedures. In the Revolutionary War, the American Civil War, the Crimean War, as well as World War I and II nurses have played a vital role in care of the soldiers who were wounded in battle. Famous Nurses from Walt Whitman, Clara Barton, and Florence Nightingale have made contributions that have made nursing the profession it is today. There are countless unknown nurses whose invaluable service while caring for many soldiers has been undocumented, but their contribution will never be forgotten. The progression of the United States Military would not be where it is today without the profession of Nursing. The Revolutionary and American Civil War were the foundation of our country. According to history nurses were looked upon as merely caretakers to the wounded. The wars fought in the name of freedom were in a man’s world, and female nurses were not taken seriously. It was in the later wars which created the environment where nurse could express their grievances and further their goals to make nursing the profession it is today. The Spanish-American War (1898) established the Volunteer Hospital Corps reluctantly by military officials because nursing leaders insisted on trained applicants from accredited Nursing Schools. In 1901 the Army Nurse Corps was established, and in 1908 the Navy Nurse Corps followed (Encyclopedia.com, 2012). According to Encyclopedia.com (2012) military medical officials and nursing educators
Contributions of Nurses in Times of War Page Three establish the Army School of Nursing in 1918 in order to meet the demands of World War I. It was not until WWII did the United States Government agree to award rank to military nurses (Encyclopedia.com, 2012). Throughout all of the history of military conflict have nurses shown their abilities to handle the stress and intensity of war. According to the Etymology Dictionary, the word Nurse was first recorded in 1736. Then first organization of Nurses was provided by the Military. General George Washington asked Congress to provide care for the wounded soldiers. They allowed one nurse for every ten patients, and a matron was assigned to oversee every one hundred patients. African American women played a part in nursing during the Revolutionary War. They supported the slave-owners wife to help care for the wounded. Men were left to go fight the war and the women left behind struggled to survive. They would attach themselves to the army and act as nurses in order to find food, etc. Although the colonists were new to war, they were willing to fight for their freedom. The need to care for the wounded was evident so the women stepped up to begin a profession that is respected and well known today. Without their courage and valor caring for the wounded, soldiers would more than likely have been left to die in injuries. The American Civil War began a more prominent role for Nurses. The need was great for both the North and the South. The births of heroes as a result of this war are remembered today for their contribution to the profession. During the Civil War, approximately over two thousand women and men from both the...