The Ancient Egyptian civilization is the oldest and most influential world civilization. Egypt contribution to human knowledge, invention, and scientific discoveries surpasses any other country including Mesopotamia, India and China. Ancient Egyptians were the first to invent and use glass, linen, paper and ink. They invented the calendar, clock, Geometry and the alphabet. They were the first to contribute to the refinement of dress and ornament. They introduced to humanity the furniture and dwellings and built magnificent buildings.
In the field of society and life, they introduced the remarkable development of orderly and peaceful government. They were the first united nation ruled by the first centralized government. Ancient Egypt’ had a census and Postal Service. There were primary and secondary educations as well as technical training. There was an organized administration with offices and scribes. Ancient Egyptians introduced writing and first known literature. They also had contribution to science and medicine.
Ancient Egypt made the first clear formulation known to us of individual and public conscience. In Egypt, there was the first cry for social justice. The social structure was based on classes with the Pharaoh and the Royal family at the top going down a hierarchy of social structure which includes the nobles, the priests, the scribes, soldiers, the workers, the peasants and the foreigners. Pharaoh was a head of state and a representative of God on earth. The Strong centralized government ensured at the height fissures did not control the political and economic power. Ancient Egyptian civilization has contributed to world civilization to a degree never reached before and seldom equaled. Their contributions were not lost although the finest examples of their architecture were buried under the sand or neglected for centuries. [continues]
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