UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA
COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION
WIREDU MAWUENA YAW
CONTRIBUTION OF COTTAGE INDUSTRY TO THE ALLEVIATION OF YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY IN THE ASHANTI REGION.(CASE STUDY : AHWIAA WOOD CARVING AND KUROFOFROM BRASS CASTING.
This project will consist of the following;
* Background of the study.
* Statement of the problem.
* Significance of the study.
* Data Analysis.
Background of study
There is substantial body of opinion which holds that the main objective the industrial development policy in the country should be the encouragement of variety of cottage industrial enterprises. It is argued that the concept of industrialization as necessarily involving large scale, heavy industrial enterprises, is not relevant to the needs of the country. An important reason for arguing in this way is that cottage industries can deal most effectively with the obstacles to industrialization. Cottage industry is the kind of venture which depends upon traditional skills and so can help to build up the supply of manufacturing, managerial and entrepreneurial experience which can form the basis of a subsequent, more impressive, industrial expansion. It economizes the scare factor of capital and makes. It economizes the scarce factors of capital and makes a fuller use of manpower, being labour-intensive rather than capital intensive: and it is aimed at producing the kinds of consumer goods which the domestic market is already acquainted with and which it is morel likely to be able to afford. Both from the population and employment angles, indeed, cottage industrial technology would seem to be logical in the country. Another argument sometimes produced n support of cottage industrial activities is that, Ghana is not well endowed with the natural resources essential for the development of heavy industry such as those of iron and steel. Nevertheless there does seem to be particular scope the encouragement of cottage industries in the country, especially in the production of such goods such as beads, textile, ceramics and sculpture particularly wood carving, China has gone a long way in converting family industries into decentralized light industries and her example may profitably be followed by Ghana. On the other hand, it is only too easy to exaggerate the potential role of cottage enterprises in the industrial development of the country. It should perhaps be pointed out that the present differential activity between the developed and the developing world is to some extent the European nineteen-century colonialism which tended to inhibit industrialization in Ghana and Africa as a whole. There are numerous examples of cottage industrial activities which are unable to compete with imported Western products and the result has been that indigenous cottage industries in many regions are now stagnant and can hardly be expected to form the basis of any substantial increase in industrial production.
Considerable attention has been paid to the contribution of cottage industries to the alleviation of youth unemployment in this country. The central problem has remained youth unemployment and poverty, perhaps more important in the Ashanti Region than many other regions in the country. Given recent events in the country, much of the debates have been concerned with the alleviation of unemployment among the youth and with the understanding and alleviation of poverty and stress conditions. For instance, the government since 2001 has made a number of attempts at addressing the problem of unemployment, beginning with the registration of about 950,000 people, mainly the youth, from different educational, trades and professional background who are said to be in need of employment. Other well-known initiative that followed...
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