4.1 Define the basic nutritional requirements of children and young people to ensure a balanced diet and meet government guidance Fat
Fat provides the body with energy, it is stored as body fat if too much food is eaten, and it is in meats, oil, nuts. Fat insulates the body against rapid heat loss. It helps the brain and the nervous system. Without fat this you may have weight loss, always tired, and not enough energy to get through the day. Carbohydrate
Carbohydrates also provides the body with energy, it is in lentils, bread, beans, oats etc. You need them for physical activities and are important for throughout life. Without carbohydrate in our bodies we could lose weight, become tired and not having enough energy. Protein
Protein builds, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body, it is good for the brain, blood, skin and other tissue, it is in eggs, beans, meat, milk, cheese, nuts, lentils, fish, tofu. Without protein it can stop babies and children growing and developing properly, and they may be more prone to illnesses and not as strong to fight them off. Fibre
Fibre helps keep a healthy bowel, this cannot be digested, it adds bulk to food, is in bread, rice, pasta, cereals, potatoes, fruit and vegetable skin. Without fibre you could get constipation (not being able to go the toilet, and stomach ache), and when your older you may have an heart attack or a stroke. It can make you feel dizzy and hungry if not enough of it.
Water provides the body with minerals ad hydrates the body, it makes up two-thirds of a human body weight. Without water you would die, and it is very good for your skin. Without water you become very dehydrated, hard to concentrate and constantly lost throughout the day. You need to keep replacing the water in your body throughout the day. Minerals
Minerals helps build bones and teeth, this includes calcium, iron, fluoride, and are usually in most foods. Helps your body grow, develop, and stay healthy. Without...
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