Contribute to children and young people’s Health and Safety
1.1 Outline the health and safety policies and procedures of your work setting.
My work setting follows the laws and standards set by the Health and Safety Act 1974:- * Ensure that the environment is safe, secure with high quality of hygiene practices for staff, children and their families and any member of the public while using the premises. * Impose a total ban of smoking in the nursery indoor/ outdoor play area. * Take responsibility to ensure the staffs are given appropriate information, instruction, training and supervision in order to comply with Health and Safety rules and procedures. * Adopt management strategies that will include the provision of safe working systems and appropriate procedures to cater for all significant risks.
They also have an extensive Health and Safety Measures Policy which covers admissions of children, area of responsibilities (indoors/ outdoors), first aid, accidents and accident forms, fire drills, nappy changing and toileting, hygiene, and Health and Safety.
1.2 Identify the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety in your work setting.
The manager of my setting is responsible for the health and safety of the setting. If a member of staff wishes to report something to do with health and safety then they can either report it to the manager or the assistant manager or room leader.
1.3 Explain what a RISK ASSESSMENT is and how this is managed in your work setting.
A risk assessment is an examination of what could cause harm to people so that you can assess whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent any harm. Here are some steps to managing a risk assessment:
* Identify the hazards,
* Decide who might be harmed and how,
* Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution,
* Record your findings and implement them,
* Review your assessment and update if necessary.
In most cases simple measures can control the risks. For example, ensuring spillages are cleaned up so people do not slip or cupboard drawers kept closed to ensure people do not trip or walk into them, any liquids used are not harmful.
A risk assessment can be carried out by any qualified member of staff, and then should be checked by a room leader or member of management. All staff should have an input into completing a risk assessment successfully.
2.1 Explain why a safe but challenging environment is important for children and young people.
One of the ways a child’s development can grow and progress is through play. This can be achieved to his/her full potential only if the environment they’re in is safe and also challenging. A child should be in an environment whether in the class or at home where they feel secure, comfortable and safe, at ease and have the freedom to explore and express themselves but at the same time set boundaries and rules should be set in place. Also a wide range of resources should be available to challenge and encourage children to develop and grow.
2.2 Identify the differences between risk and hazard.
A hazard is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, sharp objects, an open drawer, etc. and the risk is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.
2.3 Identify potential hazards to health, safety and security of children or young people in the work setting.
In any setting there will always be potential hazards of all sorts. For example: sharp objects like pencils and scissors, chemicals such as paints and glues, objects on the floor that someone could trip or fall on, draws or cupboard doors left open that someone could walk into or...