1.3. Explain what risk assessment is and how this is managed in the work setting A risk assessment is an important step in which protects a business, employers and employees, as well as complying with the law. This helps to focus on the risks that have the potential to cause harm in a workplace. When thinking of ways how to control risks it can be a straightforward and simple process, for an example ensuring spillages are cleaned up quickly and effectively, so people do not slip. Risk assessments are simply a careful examination of what, in a work setting could cause harm to people. In order to weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. When working in a childcare setting there are many potential risks that could happen, so when starting a shift as a Nursery Nurse member it is our responsibility to complete a checklist. Finding a potential risk, such as a plastic broken toy, we have to ensure that we decide on the most appropriate outcome towards the children, in this case it would be to dispose the toy. Throughout the day, myself and other team members will be making sure that if we see any piece of furniture or toy that are damaged we will deal with the situation there and then. 2.1. Explain why a safe but challenging environment is important for children and young people When looking at environments that are appropriate and suitable for children there are many factors and issues to resolve. Health and safety is a key factor towards achieving an appropriate environment for children. In order to do this, as a member of staff we must make sure that all furniture and toys that we believe are dangerous or could lead into a child hurting themselves are taken into dealt with in the best possible way. I have created a list below to explain how a potentially hazardous room should be turned into a child friendly room. Plug sockets must have covers over them
Adults electrical equipment such as kettles should be placed out of reach of children Chemicals (bleach) and medicines (paracetamol) should be placed out of reach of children- if put in a low cupboard put a safety grip on the doors Toys, equipment or/and furniture should have rounded edges so they are not sharp Radiator covers
Keeping a child safe is the most important part of working within a childcare setting. When choosing a suitable environment it is vital that it appeals to the children to encourage them to have a fun and enjoyable experience. Choosing the right furniture helps to attract the children, so by having a bright coloured rug invites the children to sit on it and read a story. An indoor climbing frame may be seen as a safe environment for a child to undertake new challenges and learn new skills, having this equipment indoors gives the children the opportunity for mistakes such as falling over, however because there are rugs underneath the equipment it lowers the risk rate of injury. Comfy bean bag chairs can help the children to feel at home and enables the children to gain new challenges such as falling onto them and to climb them, however because they are not stable and rigid the bean bag may be a possible hazard by tripping over them...