Contrasting Views of Morality Between Utilitarianism and Kantianism

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Contrasting Views of Morality Between Utilitarianism and Kantianism

By | November 2008
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For as long as society existed, there have been attempts of defining morality. Morality is the boundary between a hero and a villain. In TV shows and cartoons, we learned that heroes, regardless how strong the temptation, would choose to do the right thing rather than what’s easy, whereas villains would do anything and everything within their power to get what they want. An example of this contrast is Batman and the Joker. Batman never breaks his one rule to kill, despite of the cruel things the Joker did to tempt him. The Joker on the other hand would do anything to entertain himself, even killing innocent lives. Only when there is a set of rules that draws a boundary between right and wrong can there be order and peace within the society. There have been many theories in attempt to encompass all aspects of morality in life, however this task is as diverse as life itself. Two of those theories, Kantianism and Utilitarianism were studied. While both theories failed to flawlessly describe the boundaries of morality, Kantianism was determined to be more supportable due to its rigid structure and clearer guideline between right and wrong, and thus more efficiently prevents egoists rationalizing moral laws as a means to attain their inclinations.

In perspective of Utilitarianism, the boundary that defines right verses wrong is determined via the consequence of that action. If the consequences are positive, then that action would be considered moral. The concept of Utilitarianism is based off of all actions are performed based on achieving pleasure and exemption from pain. However it should be noted that Utilitarianism is not to achieve the greatest pleasure for personal needs, but rather have the greatest happiness together, as a society. And the ultimate goal is to cultivate a society of noble individuals who would sacrifice their individual pleasures for the happiness of others. A deed is considered moral if it would produce net pleasure or...