Contrast Between Social Model and Medical Model

Topics: Disability, Developmental disability, Down syndrome Pages: 3 (844 words) Published: September 5, 2012
Contrast Between Social Model and Medical Model.

In my research I have come across many contrasts between the Social and Medical Models and here is just some of what I have found out.

Under the Medical Model in New Zealand we have a very direct view with those that are classified as intellectually disabled, for example a child that is diagnosed with ADHD is automatically going to be hard for Parents and Society as a whole to deal with as according to Medical Model these children have authority issues and will not focus. These children will automatically need “Special Attention” at school and will there for become shunned by their own age group as “Stupid” or “Slow”. The medical model is sometimes known as the ‘individual model’ because it promotes the notion that it is the individual disabled person who must adapt to the way in which society is constructed and organised verses society adapting to them.

Whereas under the Social Model these Children would NOT be seen as a issue, it would be seen the Society needs to understand that certain students learn Different ways and instead out labelling them as a “issue” to learn to Understand the way these children learn and work with that.

For example: “Sammy Jumps up a lot and never listens to me while I am teaching the class, She is always distracted and seems never to do her work.” So Sammy is left to do her own thing and misses out on schooling. Where it should be; “I have talked to the class and told them the work they need to do then I sit down with Sammy and explain to her in her own words what the work is I need her to do.”

The medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled person. It is not seen as an problem to trouble anyone other than the person affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair. The social model of...
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