1. Abraham Maslow suggested that “a person who is lacking food, love, and self-esteem would most likely hunger for food more strongly than anything else.” Conversely, the novelist Dostoyevski wrote, “without a firm idea of himself and the purpose of his life, man cannot live even if surrounded with bread.” Give evidence that would lead you to support both statements.
A person who lacks food, love and self-esteem would most likely hunger for food the most, simply because it is biological need in order for that person to stay alive. If a person does not eat, they cannot obtain nutrition, and therefore their body will starve and die. However, similar results come from a person not receiving love or lacking self-esteem. If a person does not feel that they have a purpose in life, they will fall into despair and because they are so unhappy, their physical state will deteriorate because of it.
2. Although Jan appears to be underweight, she is afraid of becoming fat and consistently restricts her food intake. Although Gene appears to be overweight, he enjoys eating and always seats as much as he wants. Explain how their different reactions to food might result from (a) differences in their inner bodily states and (b) different in their reactions to external incentives?
Jan is clearly showing early symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder in which a normal weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve. Though Jan isn’t starving, she still below the normal weight. Gene could be bulimic but the prompt doesn’t mention that he purges in secret. Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise. For Jan, her inner incentive can be explained by cultures that drill ideals of beauty into women’s’ minds. Cultures practically tells women “Fat is bad,” and that...
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