Contract Law in Great Britain and the Usa

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  • Topic: English contract case law, Misrepresentation in English law, Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977
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CONTRACT LAW IN GREAT BRITAIN AND THE USA
Key terms and specific concepts

I FORM

Deeds, specialty contracts, contracts under seal (# simple contracts) Statute of Frauds 1677, s.4
Property Act 1925, s.1, s.40, s.136 ; 1989, s.1(3)(a), s.2(1) Consumer Credit Act 1974, s.67, s.68
Uniform Commercial Code 2-201 ( 2-202 Parol Evidence Rule)

Jinright v. Russell (1971)
Mulford v. Borg-Wagner Acceptance Corp. (1985)

II TERMS

A)TERMS IMPLIED BY STATUTE
Sale of Goods Act 1979, s.12, s.13 s.14, s.15 (1994 : « satisfactory quality ») UCC 2-314, 2-315

B) TERMS IMPLIED BY THE COMMON LAW (« business efficacy », « officious bystander ») The Moorcock (1889)
Hillas v. Arcos (1932)
Shirlaw v. Southern Foundries (1939)
Luxor (Eastbourne) v. Cooper (1941)
British Crane Hire v. Ipswich Plant Hire (1975)
Liverpool City Council v. Irwin (1976)
Shell v. Lostock Garage (1977)
Sim v. Rotherham Metroplitan Borough Council (1986)
Bayles v. Barnett (1988)

C) CONDITIONS, WARRANTIES, INNOMINATE TERMS
Sale of Goods Act 1979, s.11, s.53

Poussard v. Spiers and Pond (1876)
Bettini v. Gye (1876)
Hong Kong Fir Shipping Co. V. Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha (1962)
(Mihalis Angelos) Maredelante Compania Naviera SA v. Bergban-Handel (1971)
The Hansa Nord (1975)
Reardon Smith Line v. Yngvar Hansen-Tangen (1976)

D) EXEMPTION CLAUSES, CONTRA PROFERENTEM RULE
Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977, s.2, s.3
UCC 2-302, 2-316
L’Estrange v. Graucob (1934)
Olley v. Marlborough Court Hotel (1949)
Curtis v. Chemical Cleaning and Dyeing Co. (1951)
Karsales (Harrow), Ltd. v. Wallis (1956)
Suisse Atlantique v. N.V. Rotterdamsche Kolen Centrale (1967)
Thornton v. Shoe Lane Parking (1971)
Hollier v. Rambler Motors (1972)
Photo Productions v. Securicor Transports (1980)
Ailsa Craig Fishing Co. V. Malvern Fishing Co. (1983)
George Mitchell v. Finney Lock Seeds (1983)
Gimpel v. Host Enterprise, Inc. (1986)
Thompson v. T. Lohan Plant Hire Ltd. (1987)
Phillips Products v. Hyland (1987)
Interfoto Pictures Library Ltd. v. Stiletto Visual Programmes Ltd. (1988)

III THE ELEMENTS OF A CONTRACT

A) INTENTION
Balfour v. Balfour (1919)
Jones v. Vernon’s Pools Ltd. (1938)
Rose and Frank Co. v. Crompton Bros (1925)
Simpsons v. Pays (1955)
Merritt v. Merritt (1970)

B)OFFER
UCC 2-206

Identity of the parties
Boulton v. Jones (1857)
Revocation
Routledge v. Grant (1828)
Byrne v. Van Tienhoven (1880)
Lapse of offer
Ramsgate Victoria Hotel Co. v. Montefiore (1866)
Offer to the world
Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (1892)

Offer « Subject to Contract »
Branca v. Cobarro (1947)

Clarification
Loftus v. Roberts (1902)
Foley v. Classique Coaches (1934)
Scammel v. Ouston (1941)
Clifton v. Palumbo (1944)
Bushwall Properties Ltd. v. Vortex (1975)
Courtney and Fairbairn v. Tolaini Bros (1975)
Gibson v. Manchester City Council (1979)
Malcolm v. University of Oxford (1990)

Death of offeror
Re Whelan (1897)

# INVITATION TO TREAT
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain v. Boots (1953)
Fisher v. Bell (1961)
Partridge v. Crittenden (1968)
Argos Online Store (1999)

C) ACCEPTANCE
UCC 2-206
Hyde v. Wrench (1840)
Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (1892)
Felthouse v. Bindley (1863)
Brogden v. Metropolitan Rail Co. (1877)
Entores v. Miles Far East Corporation (1955)

D) CONSIDERATION
UCC 2-205, 2-209
Pinnel’s Case (1602)
Stilk v. Myrick (1809)
Hartley v. Ponsonby (1857)
Tweddle v. Atkinson (1861)
Carlill v. Carbolic Smoke Ball Co. (1892)
Miles v. New Zealand Alford Estate (1886)
De la Bere v. Pearson (1908)
Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co. v. Selfridge and Co. (1915)
Re Mc Ardle (1951)
Alleghany College v. National Chautauqua County Bank (1927)
Chappell v. Nestlé Co. v. (1960)
Williams v. Roffey Bros (1990)
North Ocean Shipping Co. v. Hyundai Construction Co. (1979)

E)EQUITABLE...
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