Nursing education consists in the theoretical and practical training provided to nurses with the purpose to prepare them for their duties as nursing care professionals. This education is provided to nursing students by experienced nurses and other medical professionals who have qualified or experienced for educational tasks. Most countries offer nurse education courses than can be relevant to general nursing or to specialized areas including mental health nursing, midwifery nursing , pediatric nursing and post-operative nursing.
➢ Historical Background :-
During recent past decades, the moving on education has replaced the more practically focused, but often ritualistic, training structure of conventional preparation. Nursing education integrates today a broader awareness of other disciplines allied to medicine, often involving inter-professional education, and the utilization of research when making clinical and managerial decisions, orthodox (standard) training can be argued to have offered a more intense practical skills base, but emphasized the handmaiden relationship with the physician. This is now outmoded and the impact of nursing education is to develop a confident, inquiring graduate who contributes to the care team as an equal.
The educational preparation of registered nurses has been shown to be associated with patient outcomes in hospitals. Hospitals that employ larger proportions of nurses prepared at the baccalaureate and higher level have lower rates of mortality and failure to rescue.
The empirical evidence shows that educational preparation of nurses makes a difference in patient outcomes. In India there is a different type of nursing educational programme going on. There are six levels of nursing education in India today, they are :
1. Multi Purpose Health Worker Female training (ANM or MPHW-F) 2. Female Health Supervisor training (HV or MPHS-F)
3. General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)
4. B.Sc. Nursing
5. M.Sc. Nursing
6. M. Phil and Ph.D.
The ANM, HV and GNM are conducted in schools of nursing. The last 3 are university level courses and the respective universities conduct examinations. Besides there are several certificated and diploma courses in specialties.
➢ Diploma Level Programme :-
1. Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) :
The entrance qualification is required 10th pass and the revised curriculum designed to have 1.5 years of vocationalized ANM programme and 6 months of general education means 2 years training programmed.
2. Lady Health Visitors (LHV) :
The entrance qualification is 10th pass. The duration is 2 years.
3. General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) course :
The general nursing and midwifery course is conducted in 477 centers in the country. The syllabus has undergone many revisions according to the change in the health plans and policies of the Government and changing trends and advancement in general education, nursing health sciences and medical technology. The latest revision of syllabus by INC in 2004 has increased the duration of the course from 3 years to 3.5 years.
The basic entrance has become intermediate or class 12 instead of earlier class 10th. Both science and arts students are eligible. The focus of general nursing education is the care of sick in the hospital. Schools of nursing are generally attached to teaching hospitals. Three board examinations are conducted, one at the end of each year. On passing the candidates are registered as registered nurse and midwife by the respective state nursing councils.
➢ PHILOSPHY :
The Indian Nursing Council believes that the basic course in nursing is a formal educational preparation which should be based on sound education principles. The council recognizes that the programme as the foundation...