Two examples of contextual factors that influence a curriculum

Contextual factors can be defined as any situations, forces or circumstances that may exist within or outside a nursing school and has to probability of influencing the school and the different programs. These factors are divided into two group’s internal and external factors. The internal contextual factors are those that originate within the institution such as history, philosophy, culture, finance, programs, and the schools infrastructure. External contextual factors are those that originate outside the school and have the ability to affect the curriculum. Some factors are demographic, professional standards and trends, social-politico economic, health care and culture. (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2009).

One of the contextual factors that influence a curriculum is finance. As to be expected in schools with curriculum development, when there is a lack of resources it becomes a major concerns to all stakeholders. the development of curriculum may possibly be affected by financial resources than any other contextual factors((Iwasiw, et al., 2009). Those planning and designing the program has to have knowledge of how much money the school has and the cost of running the school and how much has to be allocated and to where. One has to look at other resources such as technology, staffs, books and space (Fostett, n.d). The development of any new program has to be financed from existing available resource, therefore before a new curriculum can be devised or for the revision of previous curriculum the committee has to look at what and how much it is going to cost for this to be implemented successfully. It would be better for the committee to know in advance if and to what extent can the curriculum be revised, than to start only to find out midway or at the end that it cannot be completed due to lack of financial...

...Internal & External Factors
Internal and external factors have a large impact on the four functions of management within an organization. What these factors are and the kind of impact they have depends on the business and its particular goals. McDonald’s goal is reflected in its mission statement which is to “be our customers’ favorite place and way to eat” (McDonalds, 2009). In order to achieve this goal, McDonald’s executives and managers must follow the four functions of management which are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling (Bateman and Snell, 2009). They must also understand how internal and external factors impact these functions. Internal factors that McDonald’s managers need to consider include the amount of food to be sold, the number of employees working at any given time, and the customer base of the restaurants. For example, if the company had a goal of selling two million hamburgers a day but only had enough meat for one million hamburgers, then that would mean the goal would not be met. To avoid this type of situation, managers must be sure to order enough supplies to meet the demands of customers and goals of the company. The same is true for the number of employees working at a given time. This involves the functions of planning and organization. The functions of leading and controlling are impacted by the staff and their work ethics. Quality staff members who have good...

...TOPIC NO. 1. COMMON FACTOR
In this section we dealt with finding the product of factors. We will now consider the inverse problem of finding the factors of the products. This process is called FACTORING THE PRODUCT.
PRIME NUMBER
Is a positive integer greater than 1 that has only itself and as factors.
ex. The positive integers 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23 are some prime numbers.
Integers are often written in PRIME FACTORED FORM, that is, as a product of prime numbers.
FACTORING THE POLYNOMIAL is writing a polynomial as the product of two or more PRIME POLYNOMIALS.
GREATEST COMMON FACTOR
The largest term that is a factor of all the terms in the polynomial. We can also define it as the greatest monomial that will evenly divide each term of the polynomial.
ax + ay = a(x+y)
STEPS:
The factor a polynomial whose terms have a common factor:
1. Find the largest factor common to all the terms of the polynomial.
2. Divide the polynomial by this factor. The quotient is the other factor.
ex. Factor out the greatest common factor. 1. 8x3 - 12x2y
Solution:
Step 1: The largest common monomial to the two terms of the given polynomial is 4x2.
Step 2: Divide the greatest common monomial is each term of the given binomial:...

...stress-causing factor or "stressor”. Stress is a routine part of our lives. Certain amounts of stress are beneficial; however, sometimes the level of stress can become burdensome. Students in university experience many changes. Being able to manage and control stress is a useful skill not only for life as a student but also for life beyond university. Stress is a normal & universal factor in life of human being. A good stress is stress that benefits our health, like physical exercise or getting a promotion. Distress is a negative stress response. It occurs when stress continues without relief. Distress disturbs the body's internal balance causing physical and emotional symptoms: headache, elevated blood pressure, chest pain, insomnia, depression, panic attack and anxiety. People will have their own personal signs or reactions to deal with stress, which they should learn to identify. Many of these symptoms come and go as a result of short-term stress. However, symptoms that are associated with more long-term, sustained stress can be harmful. Consequences can include fatigue, poor morale and ill health. High levels of stress without intervention or management can contribute to mental health problems (e.g. depression, anxiety, interpersonal difficulties), behavioral changes (e.g. increased alcohol intake, drug abuse, appetite disorders) and sometimes involve medical consequences.
Objectives
The main objectives of this report are:
* To...

...Where there is a human factor one, cannot avoid human error hence precautions should be taken to prevent accidents.
Human Factor
Human factor involves information collection on human limitations and abilities, and application of the information to machines, tools, tasks, system, environment and jobs to generate effective, comfortable and safe human usage (Graeber, 2006). Human factors in aviation emphasize on integrating themselves with the latest technology. This knowledge then gets transformed into policies, training, design, and procedures in the effort to better the performance of the human factor. Aviation is doubtfully a highly dangerous and unforgiving work environment. The so far represented weakest joint among the equipment edge is the human factor.
As used in aviation, human factors envelop system analysis, control, design, automation, human capabilities, skill acquisition, processing of information, plus crew work load, display, and interaction of human and machines. It further covers the environmental factors, psychological, accident prevention and physiological influence. According to the study of NTSB, Human factors also checks on the age of the pilots. The elderly above 50 years have a record of more air accidents than the young. This is so following the reduction of memory capacity (Graeber, 2006).
Fatigue represents a...

...Describe and analyse how political, legal and social factors are impacting upon the business activities for the same organisation used in P5 and their stakeholders and another contrasting organisations. And also Evaluate how future changes in economic, political, legal and social factors, may impact on the strategy of the specified organisation. P6,M3,D2
To do this, simply describe some of the important changes that are taking placing using appropriate facts and figures. You only need to examine the Political, Legal and Social factors affecting the business and its stakeholders. You need to investigate how the changes in political, legal and social factors are affecting the two business organisations.
Which of the factors are having the most significant impact and what sort of impact are they having (positives or negatives)? What sort of changes the business have made as a result of these external factors and how is the business coping with these changes (positive or negatives)? Can something else be done? Justify your answers. You’ve already looked at current changes affecting the business organisation, you now need to think about future changes and how they my impact on the organisation. What are the likely new challenges facing the business. Find predictions and forecasts about likely changes in the economy, possible implications of changes in government policy and possible...

...ex
External Factors
DRIEYES will be challenged by a number of external factors. Analysis of geographical, political, economic, social and environmental elements will evaluate the strength of DRIEYES.
Keeping versatile Sydney market in mind, we have to drill down all of external factor affecting DRIEYES either directly or in directly. Keeping our product, Australia especially Sydney has a lot of potential with highest population. In addition to that, we are expecting a benefit of Sydney beaches which will help in promoting DRIEYES.
Political policies play an important role in product sustainability. We are at the verge of electing a new government. Keeping previous policies of leading parties in mind, we are expecting numerous reliefs for industries related to child health. We are introducing bio degradable product which will help in preserving the environment and will enable us to claim government support. DRIEYES promotional activities will be supported by Rudd’s climate policy.
Economic growth in Australia is pretty much evident comparing to any other part of the world. That’s true interest rate is increasing abruptly but on the same note it is showing economic growth. Strength of Australian Dollar comparing to American Dollar is one of the supporting factor.
Australian’s are health conscious nation. One of its evident example is there is no GST on organic food. They are very conscious with their...

...Factor Analysis
Factor analysis is a data and variable reduction technique that attempts to partition a given set of variables into groups (called factors) or maximally correlated variables.
1. Factor Analysis Characteristics
i. Interdependence Technique
* Dependent Variable – None
* More than one Variable – metric
ii. Factor analysis is subjective and creative
2. Factor Analysis Output
i. Data reduction from large number of variables to smaller number of factors
ii. Factors are a smaller number of variables that capture as much information as possible from the original data set
iii. Fk = w1S1 + w2S2 + . . . + wiSi
iv. Factor loading matrix, indicating the number of factors created from the data. The number of factors can range from 1 to n - the number of variables originally included in the data set. Factor loadings may be positive or negative.
v. Typically, the factors will be independent. The correlation between two factors is zero and there is no overlap of information
vi. Achieved communality is the proportion of variance accounted for by all the extracted factors
vii. The eigenvalue of any factor is the total standardized variance accounted for by that factor. Therefore, typically...

...2012
Duration 40 mins | Examcode 6169451
Multiples and Lines and Angles
Factors;
SCHOOL
Children^s Academy, Malad
CLASS 5
DIVISION D
STUDENT
VORA CHAITYA NIRAV
ROLL NO 25
YOUR PERFORMANCE IN THE TEST: 81.82% The class average performance in this topic is 68.8% BEST PERFORMANCE IS IN SUBTOPIC Understanding of factors and multiples TWO SUB TOPICS RECOMMENDED FOR IMPROVEMENT * Understanding of lines * Understanding of angles.
1
DA STUDENT REPORT
CLASS 5 ROLL NO 25
Multiples and Factors; Lines and Angles
DATE 27 August 2012
Misconceptions Concept: Application of HCF in Real Life
10
Q Reema has 3 pieces of ribbon which are 18 m, 36 m and 45 m long respectively. She wants to cut them into pieces of equal length. She wants to do this in such a way that no ribbon is wasted. What is the length of the LONGEST piece that she can get? 1 3m 2 6m 3 9m 4 15 m
Correct Option: 3
Student Selection: 1
Students who have answered A seem to have realised that the required length should be a common factor of 18, 36 and 45. But they seem to have opted for the common factor that is clearly visible, and have not thought beyond the obvious. It is also possible that they have not noticed the word longest in the question, or may not have realised that they have to find the HCF here. Students answering incorrectly are unable to apply their understanding of common...