Contemporary Police Problem

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CONTEMPORARY POLICE PROBLEM
ROEL F. BALUGO
TYPES AND FORMS OF CORRUPTION
Corruption is not limited to the present day, for as long there have been a police, there has been policecorruption. Four Types of Corruption
1.

GRATUITIES

are small tips on goods purchased. In many communities some prohibits gratuities, whileothers do not.2.
TAKING BRIBES


the payment of money or other consideration to police officers with intent to subvert theaims of the criminal justice system.3.
THEFT OR ROBBERY
-
the taking of money or property by the police while performing their duties is anotherform of corruption.4.
INTERNAL CORRUPTION


officers pay members of their departments for special assignments orpromotions. Eight Kinds of Police Corruption
1.

Corruption of authority
-
an officer is corrupted when he receives officially unauthorized material gain byvirtue of his position as a police officer without violating the law.2.
K
ickbacks-
profit 3.

O
pportunistic theft
-
occurred form arrest of suspects, investigating victims in crime scenes and formunprotected properties.4.
S
hakedown

arises when the officer inadvertently witness or gains knowledge of a criminal violation andthe violator subsequently offer a bribed to evade arrest.5.
P
rotection of illegal activities


this type of corruption concerns with the giving of protection by a policemanin any illegal activity such as gambling, smuggling, prostitution or other vices top operate without interference in exchange of any form or material rewards.6.

Traffic fix
-
the quashing of prosecution proceeding following the offenders arrest.7.
D
irect criminal activities
-
it involves no corruptor. Policeman directly committed crime against the person orproperty of another for material gain.8.
Criminal pay- off


internal pay
-
off regulates a market where the police officers prerogatives maybe brought,bartered or sold. PROBLEMS AND MECHANICS ON BUDGET AND FISCAL MANAGEMENT
A.

D
efinition of terms
1.

Budget call
-
a document that riggers budget preparation.2.

Budget guidance


a document issued by higher authorities stipulating the national objectives, priorities andconstraints include the assessment of the peace and order situation in the budget year.3.
Budget calendar
-
a schedule of budgeting task to be undertaken during the budget cycle.4.
Budget year
-
current year plus (1) day
5
.

Budget cycle:
a.

Preparation
-
by PNPb.

Authorized by congressc.

Execution allotment d.

Accountability
B
.

Constraints on
P
urchase
1.

Regular Purchases of supplies, materials and equipments shall not exceed al all times the normal threemonth requirements of stocks.2.
Emergency purchases are made only for activities that cannot be delayed but such purchases shall not exceed four (4) percent of the annual agency expenditure program for supplies and materials of the unit.3.

All money of the command shall be deposited only with authorized bank of the PNP.4.
No funds shall be used except for purpose it has been intended to be used in the budget. C
.

F
ringe and benefits
1.

Longevity pay2.

Quarter allowance3.

Clothing allowance4.

Hazardous duty pay
-
combat area for 15 days assignment.
D
.

P
roblems
1.

Lack of supplies and materials as well as equipments arising from mismanagement of budget at theheadquarters or regional levels.2.
Procurement of inferior quality materials for uniforms, equipments and vehicles3.
Unforeseen contingency which needs extra expenditures such as calamities, social unrest, and civildisturbance. ROEL F. BALUGO

ROEL F. BALUGO

CONTEMPORARY POLICE PROBLEM

2 ROEL F. BALUGO
4.

D
eficient releases of budget from the national treasury.
Police Personnel Management
P
olice personnel management
is the art of preparing, organizing and directing the...
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