Contemporary Issue on Chit Funds -"The Invincible"

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An contemporary issue
report on

CHIT FUNDS “THE INVICIBLE”

2013-2014

Made by :
Fakhruddin Badshah

PREFACE
This document sketches the the meaning, introduction, overview,its working,online chit funds, I threw some light on latest news about this sector and also tried to cover the latest upsteram and downsteam aspects of this sector (chit fund companies). My aim of writing on this issue is who will going to stop the fraudulant activities being done by this companies. I chose this segemnt for my contemporay because this is going very common among the people in today’s time. So I thought lets give away the the detail of this segment to the people. With the help of this document people will come to know what exactly going on in this domain.

This sector is expanding rapidly like anything. This developments has become a catalyst for the growth of vigourous chit fund companies in all over India. So what provisions should be made to curb the alleged false practices done by these companies or segment. Thus it is the to think and act on it to protect the interest of small investors and their hard earned incomes.

Index
Introduction| 5-7|
Overview of chit fund| 8|
How chit fund works| 9-11|
2012-2013 Highlighted News about chit-fund| 12-13|
Who will stop chit funds?| 14-18|
Report of MCA| 18-21|
Benefits| 21-22|
Drawbacks| 23|
Safety from Chit funds| 24|

CHIT FUNDS – “The Invincible”
Introduction:

A chit fund is a type of savings scheme practiced in India, besides other forms of savings scheme offered by various public and private sector banks, post offices, insurance corporations etc. Chit Funds are indigenous financial institutions in India that cater to the financial needs of the low-income households, which have been excluded from the formal financial system. “Chit”, in the legal purview, means a transaction whether called chit, chit fund, chitty, kuri or by any other name by or under which a person enters into an agreement with a specified number of persons that every one of them shall subscribe a certain sum of money (or a certain quantity of grain instead in the case of villages) by way of periodical installments over a definite period and that each such subscriber shall, in his turn, as determined by lot or by auction or by tender or in such other manner as may be specified in the chit agreement, be entitled to the prize amount. In simple words, A chit fund is a savings-borrowing scheme, in which a group of people enter into an agreement to contribute fixed amounts periodically, for a specified period of time. The amount so collected (or the chit value) is distributed among each of the persons in turns, which is determined by way of lots or an auction. Chit funds provide an opportunity to save excess cash on a daily, weekly or monthly basis, and give an easy access to it in case of emergency. Chit funds are the Indian equivalent of the Rotating Savings and Credit Associations (ROSCA) that are famous throughout the world. ROSCAs are a means to “save and borrow” simultaneously. It is considered one of the best instruments to cater to the needs of the poor. It enables poor people to convert their small savings into lump sums. The concept of chit funds originated more than 1000 years ago. Initially it was in the form of an informal association of traders and households within communities, wherein the members contributed some money in return for an accumulated sum at the end of the tenure. Participation in Chit funds was mainly for the purpose of purchasing some property or, in other words, for “consumption” purposes. However, in recent times, there have been tremendous alterations in the constitution and functioning of Chit funds. While...
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