Containerization, Unitized Cargo and Cargo Containers

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CONCEPT OF CONTAINERIZATION

The conteainerization is a physical distribution method that uses a container as a way of tranporting the cargo. Is an inter-modal system of transporting the general cargo or product in lots. With containerization goods are moved easier from one place to another with the help of the containers which can be loaded intact onto the container ships, trucks, railroad cars and planes.

 Nowadays, containerization is the innovative key in the field of logistics that helps to organize cargo in an efficient, better and save way.

Benefits of containerization

If you visit a port, you would notice that all shipping containers are very similar in form. The introduction of containerization has revolutionised the way cargo is handled. The standardization of container sizes, shapes, and forms lowered freight charges and costs.

Containerization also improved cargo security. First, the box effectively hides whatever cargo from the casual viewer. Next, the container doors are sealed upon closing. The doors also prevent the cargo from falling out the back of the box. Finally, uniformly sized shipping containers reduce railway cargo problems that are caused by incompatible rail measures in different countries, making trans-shipment between different measure trains faster and easier.

When transporting goods to an international location, there are many container ships that run regular routes to a variety of destinations. This helps the customer to receive the order in less time.

CONTAINERIZED CARGO
LOSS CONTROL—CONTAINERIZED CARGO

The use of intermodal containers for the transport of a great variety of cargo has become increasingly popular in recent years. Intermodalism is a concept that embraces the movement and transfer of standardized cargo containers by sea, air and surface. It has greatly reduced cargo handling, particularly in Door-to-Door shipments. The development of specialized containers with a wide range of types, sizes and configurations permits containerization of most cargo.

Undamaged arrival of the complete shipment at destination is the first objective of the shipper. In committing goods to containerized transport, the shipper can reduce losses by: * Select the proper container service.

* Selecting the right type of container for the goods in question. * Inspecting the container to ensure proper accommodation and protection of goods. * Packaging goods to withstand the hazards of the “toughest leg of the journey.” * Stowing and securing goods in the container to prevent damage to the goods, container 
and transport vehicle. * Properly describing and documenting the container contents, locking and sealing the 
container and recording container and seal numbers on all shipping documents. * Timely unloading at destination.

Intermodal variations


The popular intermodal container, adaptable to carriage by truck, railcar, and some other, is the most common form of containerization. The considerations governing preparation and storage of the cargo in these containers are no longer applicable to other methods of cargo transport.

Cargo Containers


1. End Loading, Fully Enclosed— The basic intermodal container with end doors, suitable for general cargo not requiring environmental control while enroute. 2. Side Loading, Fully Enclosed— Equipped with side doors for use in stowing and discharge of cargo where it is not practical to use end doors, as when the container must remain on a railcar while cargo is placed in or removed from the container. 3. Open Top—Used for carriage of heavy, bulky or awkward items where loading or discharge of the cargo through end or side doors is not practical. Most open top containers are equipped with fabric covers and are often termed "soft" or "rag" top containers. Some open top versions are fitted with removable hatch-type panel covers or detachable full metal roof. 4. Ventilated—Equipped with ventilating ports...
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