Consumption of Edible Oil

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  • Topic: Cooking oil, Vegetable fats and oils, Cooking oils
  • Pages : 3 (534 words )
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  • Published : October 23, 2010
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Edible consumption in india

The Indian edible oil market is the
world’s fourth-largest after the
USA, China and Brazil. A growing
population, increasing rate
of consumption and increasing
per capita income are accelerating
the demand for edible oil
in India. This paper analyses the
trend in edible oil consumption
and the prospects for the Indian
edible oil market in the coming
years.
India is a leading player in edible oils, being
the world’s largest importer (ahead of the EU
and China) and the world’s third-largest consumer
(after China and the EU). Each year, India
consumes over 10 million tonnes of edible
oils. Edible oils have a high penetration of 90%
in India. However, per capita consumption of
edible oils is around 11 kg per year. This is considerably
lower than in most developed countries.
Palm oil (mainly imported) and soya bean
oil account for almost half of total edible oil
consumption in India, followed by mustard and
groundnut oil. In India, most vegetable oil is
purchased by household or industrial buyers
(food processors, restaurants and hotels) for
frying or baking needs and is sold as loose oil
or vanaspati (partially hydrogenated vegetable
oil). Only a small percentage of edible oils are
sold in branded form at the retail level.

Types of oils commonly in use in India
In India consumer oil preferences vary from region
to region because preference is based on
local cultivations.

Region Preferred oil
North Mustard, rape
East Mustard, rape
West Groundnut
South Groundnut, coconut

India is fortunate in having a wide range of oilseed
crops grown in its different agro-climatic
zones. Groundnut, mustard/rapeseed, sesame,
safflower, linseed, Niger seed/castor are the major
traditionally cultivated oilseeds. Soya bean
and sunflower oils have also assumed importance
in recent years. Coconut is the most im-portant amongst the plantation crops. Among the non-conventional oils, rice bran oil and cottonseed...
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