The consumption of too much carbohydrate allows gain of weight which then causes the storage of fat within the human body. The use of carbohydrate is to provide energy and when the energy is not used it therefore turns into fat which is then stored in the body leading to health problems such as obesity and diabetes. Carbohydrate is one of the main macro nutrients needed by the human body for essential energy which turns into glucose in the body. Carbohydrate comes in two forms:
The difference is from the chemical structure and speed in which sugar is been absorbed and digested in the body, causing the enhancing of blood insulin levels. Starch is complex carbohydrate which is a greater energy source due to the slow release of energy and digestion through the body for example Rice, but at the same time the consumption of too much rice could cause disease such as kwarchokor. The processing of carbohydrate in the body system is sugar been broken down into glucose (energy) which then transfers into the muscles as glycogens. The storage of glycogens within muscles enhances performance during exercise. The consumption of healthy and balanced diet is very important in preventing type two diabetes. Food preparation often aids in digestion process, the digestion and absorption of carbohydrate is to provide to energy. Where by starch is easily broken down by the body when heated and swollen. The enzyme amylase in the mouth which contains saliva mixes up with food and break down some starches into smaller units while the amylase is inactivated once the carbohydrate is reached the acid environment of the stomach. After the passage through the stomach into the small intestine, the key digestive enzymes are been secreted from the pancreas and small intestine due to occurring of digestion and absorption.
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