Problem recognition results when there is a difference between one's desired state and one's actual state. Consumers are motivated to address this discrepancy and therefore they commence the buying process. Sources of problem recognition include:
An item is out of stock
Dissatisfaction with a current product or service
Consumer needs and wants
The relevant internal psychological process that is associated with problem recognition is motivation. A motive is a factor that compels action. Belch and Belch (2007) provide an explanation of motivation based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Freud's psychoanalytic theory.
Once the consumer has recognised a problem, they search for information on products and services that can solve that problem. Belch and Belch (2007) explain that consumers undertake both an internal (memory) and an external search. Sources of information include:
The relevant internal psychological process that is associated with information search is perception. Perception is defined as 'the process by which an individual receives, selects, organises, and interprets information to create a meaningful picture of the world' The selective perception process Stage Description Selective exposure consumers select which promotional messages they will expose themselves to. Selective attention consumers select which promotional messages they will pay attention to Selective comprehension consumer interpret messages in line with their beliefs, attitudes, motives and experiences Selective retention consumers remember messages that are more meaningful or important to them You should consider the implications of this process on the development of an effective promotional strategy. First, which sources of information are more effective for the brand and second, what type... [continues]
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(2008, 10). Consumer Behavior. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 2008, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Consumer-Behavior-168591.html
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"Consumer Behavior." StudyMode.com. 10, 2008. Accessed 10, 2008. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Consumer-Behavior-168591.html.