International Journal of Business and Management
Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Indian Consumers’ Attitude towards Foreign Products Jagwinder Singh (Corresponding Author) Lecturer (Senior Scale), Dept. of Management, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology (Deemed University) Jalandhar-144011, Punjab, India Tel: 091 98885 03708 E-mail: email@example.com B B Goyal Reader, University Business School, Panjab University Chandigarh-160014, India Tel: 091 94173 07276 Abstract India has been acknowledged as one of the most promising and fastest growing economy of the world. Besides urban and semi-urban areas, rural India has a huge potential. Many foreign brands are dominating particularly in consumer durable category. The purpose of the study is to understand the comparative attitudes of rural and urban Indian consumers towards the foreign products against Indian products. Both rural and urban consumers have rated foreign products very high as compared to domestic products. Rural consumers were found more impressed than their urban counterparts with foreign products in terms of maintenance services, technical advancement, prestige, durability, quality/performance, and wide choice of size and model. No significant differences were observed between rural and urban consumers in terms of ‘good style and appearance’. Indian producers in the coming times are going to face a very strong threat from foreign brands, particularly in consumer durable category. Keywords: Foreign brands, Consumer durables, Rural and Urban consumers, Attitude 1. Introduction India is the world's 12th-largest consumer market. By 2025, it is projected to be ahead of Germany, the fifth largest, according to a recent McKinsey (2007) survey. The biggest strength of Indian markets lies in the size, not in individual spending. With the rise in income, over 291 million people will move from desperate poverty to a more sustainable life, and India’s middle class will increase incredibly by over ten times from its current size of 50 million to 583 million people. Besides urban and semi-urban areas, rural India has a huge potential. Indian corporations have now recognized the importance of rural markets. It is evident from the efforts made by the companies like Coke, ITC (Indian Tobacco Company) and Hindustan Lever Limited. According to Rajan (2005), Coke, in India has doubled the number of outlets in rural areas from 80 000 in 2001 to 160 000 in 2003, and increased market penetration from 13 per cent to 25 per cent. ITC Limited and Hindustan Lever Limited (now Hindustan Unilever Limited) have initiated rural approach through strategic initiatives such as e-choupals and Project Shakti. In case of white goods and automobiles, the differences between prices of national and foreign brands have been narrowed down. Majority of the companies have introduced number of services to induce the consumers. Bargaining power of consumers has increased tremendously than ever before due to intense competition. The phenomenal growth of media, availability of loans and lowering of interest rates have caused sudden rush for these products. Liberalization and opening up of the economy has exposed the middle class of the country to the quality products at the competitive prices. There is a huge flow of foreign brands into the Indian market. There have been major structural changes in the economy as a result of globalization. The competition has been intensified. The state like Punjab gets a favorable ranking in terms of ownership of assets, consumer durables, two-wheelers, and cars in rural areas. In rural Punjab there are many families whose one or more family members have gone abroad. Their standard of living is even far better than many of the urban residents. 2. Literature Review The gross domestic product (GDP) growth in India is hovering between 7-8 percent. India has been acknowledged as one of the most promising and fastest growing...
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