Consultation & Advocacy

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Consultation and Advocacy

COUN5004

Abstract
This paper discusses the importance of both social justice and consultation in the field of counseling. The introduction is an explanation of social justice advocacy, consultation, how it is related to the Marriage and Family counseling, and the different strategies and steps counselors take to advocate for their clients. Next, I discussed how advocacy is related to myself while I become a professional counselor in the area of specialization and my beliefs about advocacy and consultation having similarities and differences. Next, I discussed how advocacy benefits the care provided for children, adolescents, adults, couples, and families related to the specific specialty area in which I am planning on practicing. Lastly, I described a hypothetical situation of a child, adolescent, adult, couple, or family, and addressed how a counselors’ knowledge of consultation and advocacy could interact with the progression of their counseling experience based on the specialization of Marriage and Family therapy.

Scholars propose that integrating a social justice advocacy role into the core identity of professional counselors will help redress past and current societal oppression of marginalized population (Constantine, Hage, Kindaichi, & Bryan, 2009). Many counselors believe that social justice and advocacy has no positive outcome in the field counseling. However, scholars in the article, “Are Consultation and Social Justice Advocacy Similar?: Exploring the Perceptions of Professional Counselors and Counseling Students,” propose many knowledgeable reasons of why they believe that advocacy and social justice is a fundamental premise for professional counseling in the 21st century. Social justice in counseling takes place when counselors strive to concurrently promote human development and the common good through addressing challenges to both individual and distributive justice (Crethar & Ratts, n.d.). Counselors can do this in many different ways, such as educating and empowering the client, educating groups that affect the client, actively confronting the injustice and inequality in society as they impact clients, and serve as a mediator between the client and institutions, negotiate with agencies to provide better services (Kiely & Ohrt, n.d.). The article mentions how teachers change their beliefs after getting more education on advocacy and consultation. Social justice in counseling takes place when counselors strive to simultaneously promote human development and the common good through addressing challenges to both individual and distributive justice (Crethar &Ratts, n.d.). Counselors can do this in many different ways, such as educating and empowering the client, educating groups that affect the client, actively confronting the injustice and inequality in society as they impact clients, and serve as a mediator between the client and institutions, negotiate with agencies to provide better services (Kiely & Ohrt, n.d.). However, Hayes and colleagues (2007) said that it was easier for many of the counseling students to agree on the need for advocacy, but harder for the same students to identify strategies for coping with specific oppressive conditions. Consultation relates to Marriage and Family counseling by using practices such as engaging in collaborative problem solving (Tang, 2003), and evaluating the efficacy of interventions. While training to become a professional counselor, one must be able to have the right skills to be able to communicate with the clients calmly and be able to approach the situation the right way the first time because there is usually only one chance to get the best impression from the client to get them to come back for another session. Getting the client to feel comfortable enough with you to open up is essential. This is one of the most important key factors to success in the field of counseling. Without getting to know the...
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