Construction Office Design with Systematic Layout Planning

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SML745 “Operations Management”
Course Coordinator Prof. D.K. Banwet

TERM PROJECT:
Construction Office Design with Systematic Layout Planning

Submitted By GROUP 1
Sunil Joshi (2010SMN6871) Dr. BV Subramanium (2010SMN6891) Tajinder Singh (2010SMN6879) Abhishek Saxena (2010SMN6900) Rahul Dubey (2010SMN6935)

Construction Office Design with Systematic Layout Planning
Pride India Construction Company is a small to medium sized business working in the private sector. Today the firm is successfully competing in the construction sectors. The firm builds high quality, competitive priced buildings. The layout project was an outgrowth of the strategic planning process. During this process the firm set out its objectives for the mid-term future.     

To increase annual revenue by 10% or more. To increase annual profits by 10% or more. To provide an annual contribution to the company’s profit sharing plan. To achieve and maintain a safety record of no lost work days. To maintain job security for its work force.

It became clear that one key element to achieving their strategic goals was to become much more efficient in the office. The flow of staff and paper was seen by all individuals working in the office as cumbersome. Files and critical papers were not available in a timely fashion. Project managers and staff found themselves walking the length of the office frequently adding no value to the projects and using time better placed on value added activities. Layout Procedures Layout problems may be solved from a number of approaches. There are quite a number of heuristic procedures that are available (Raott & Rakshit, 1993). A few examples are CORELAP, ALDEP and CRAFT. The features of these procedures are summarized in Table 1. Table 1 Features of Selected Layout Procedures Procedure CORELAP PLANET ALDEP CRAFT Simulation Primary Objective Maximize Closeness Minimize Cost Maximize Closeness Minimize Cost Maximize Closeness Data Type Relationship Chart Relationship Chart or From-to-Chart Relationship Chart From-to-Chart From-to-Chart Construction Square-shaped departments if possible Square-shaped departments if possible Rectangular strips put adjacent to each other No specified shape Square Shapes

Adapted from Hassan (1994):498-99

For the relatively small office layout found at Pride India Construction, all these methods were seen as too complex by both management and staff. The administrative staff and leadership wanted a hands-on technique that everyone would understand and be able to participate actively in resolving.

Systematic Layout Planning Pride India Construction turned to Systematic Layout Planning (SLP) developed by Richard Muther (1961; 1973). SLP rests on a foundation of five important pieces of information: material (what is being produced), quantity (volume of transactions), process (sequence of transformation), services required (staff or supplier support), and time (when is output needed) (Muther, 1973). The layout solution process follows a four-stage macro process: location of area to be laid out, general overall layout for area, detailed layout plans (for all offices and equipment in this case), and installation (Muther, 1973).

A five-step procedure was used for the re-layout of offices and equipment at Pride India Construction. Following the advise of Muther and Hales (1977) and Mohr and Willett (1999), a plan of action was devised (Figure 1).

Figure 1 Systematic Layout Planning Macro Map
Pride India Construction Company Layout Inputs: Data Gathered on Work & Information Flows, Volume of work flows, Sequencing of work, and Critical Timing Issues of work

Work Flows
(Work & Information Flows, Volume of work flows)

Activity Relationships
(Sequencing of work, and Critical Timing Issues of work)

Relationship Diagram

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Space Requirements

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Space Available

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Space Relationship Diagram

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Modifying Considerations

Practical and Human Limitations...
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