Constitutional Principles

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The U.S. Constitution
The United States constitution was adopted in 1787 as a written plan of government for the United States. It contains a Preamble, or an introduction. The Preamble outlines the purpose of the document. The purposes include: to form a new and better country, establish justice, establish a government to provide order, protect the citizens and their freedom. The U.S. constitution has 7 Key Principles.

Limited Government
If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, (no) controls would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it [the government] to control itself. -James Madison, The Federalist “Number 51”

8. Titles of Nobility
No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

Popular Sovereignty
Stephen Douglas replied that it did not matter what the Supreme Court might decide about slavery because “the people have the lawful means to introduce it or exclude it as they please.”

The American Revolution was not just a war, but a change in ideas about government. This idea stated that instead of a king, that people would rule an would do so through other citizens responsible for everyone’s well-being.

Separation of Powers
The power of the government is separated and shared by the three branches - executive, judicial, and legislative.

Checks and Balances
The principle that the Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the Constitution. The last word, period, that’s it - the final say in interpreting the Constitution. This is called Judicial Review. Impeachment:...
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