Constitutional Amendments in India

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INSTITUTE OF LAW
NIRMA UNIVERSITY, AHMEDABAD

“CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA SINCE 1919”

SUBMITTED BY
Yash Samindra Shah
Semester – III [B.COM.LL.B. (Hons)]

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
Mr. Hardik H. Parikh
Assistant Professor, ILNU

PROJECT FOR THE SUBJECT
CONSITUTIONAL LAW-I

ACADEMIC YEAR (2012-13)

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DECLARATION
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I do hereby declare that this Project work entitled ‘Constitutional Developments in India since 1919’ has been prepared by me as a partial fulfillment of the requirement of B.COM. LL.B. (Hons) I also declare that I have acknowledged the sources/ authorities in my Project work accordingly.

Date:- __________________________________
Name & Signature of the student

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CERTIFICATE
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This is to certify that the project entitled: “Constitutional Developments in India since 1919” has been carried out by Yash Samindra Shah under my supervision and guidance. The project is his original work completed after careful research and analysis of the data, research material available in previous works and various judicial pronouncements. The project is of the standard expected of a candidate for project submission in the course of Constitutional Law-I of III semester of B.COM. L.L B. (Hons.) Programme and commend that it be sent for evaluation.

Date:- ____________________ Hardik Parikh Co-faculty
Constitutional Law-I
Institute of Law
Nirma University

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INDEX
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Declaration…………………………………………………………………………… 02 Certificate…………………………………………………………………………….. 03 CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION AND REASEARCH METHODOLOGY…… 06
1.1 Introduction
1.2Objectives of the study
1.3Hypothesis
1.4Research Methodology

CHAPTER2: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE 19TH CENTURY…………………………………………………………………………….11 2.1 Charter Act, 1813
2.2 Charter Act, 1853
2.3 Act of 1858
2.4Indian Councils Act, 1892

CHAPTER 3: CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE 20TH CENTURY..…….…..…………………………………………………………………20 3.1 Indian Councils Act, 1909
3.2 Government of India Act, 1919
3.3 Government of India Act, 1935
3.4 India Independence Act, 1947

CHAPTER 4: IMPORTANT CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS AFTER 1950………………………………………………………………………………………37 4.1 1950- 1970
4.2 1971- 1990
4.3 1991- Present.

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION & COMMENTARY…………………………………49 5.1 Comments.
5.2 Conclusion.

BIBILOGRAPY……………………………………..…………………………...……..51 1. Books
2. Websites
3. Articles

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.
1.1
In India, there have been numerous rulers and monarchs from the beginning of the society. This led to large conflicts and there was no uniformity of law and order amongst numerous states in our country. One can say that after 1857, the structure of the British Raj in India had shaken. Very few people know that the revolt of 1857 was actually a Muslim revolt instead of it being a national movement. The people of India at that time (Muslims in majority) wanted Bahadur Shah Zafar as their king back. But we shall agree that this was the inception of freedom movement of India. After that in 1858 the British Crown officially takes over the India government. After that there had been a large number of movements all across the country but not in a nationalized way but in a very local and limited way. In 1915 the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League met for the first time in Bombay and the concept of Swaraj was...
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