Constitution of Tanzania

Topics: Human rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Law Pages: 109 (39115 words) Published: December 19, 2012
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA (CAP. 2) ARRANGEMENT OF CONTENTS Article Title PREAMBLE CHAPTER ONE THE UNITED REPUBLIC, POLITICAL PARTIES, THE PEOPLE AND THE POLICY OF SOCIALISM AND SELF RELIANCE PART I THE UNITED REPUBLIC AND THE PEOPLE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Proclamation of the United Republic. The territory of the United Republic. Declaration of Multi-Party State. Exercise of State Authority of the United Republic. The Franchise. PART II FUNDAMENTAL OBJECTIVES AND DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Interpretation. Application of the provisions of Part II. The Government and the People. The pursuit of Ujamaa and Self-Reliance. [Repealed]. Right to work, to educational and other pursuits. PART III BASIC RIGHTS AND DUTIES The Right to Equality 12. 13. Equality of human beings. Equality before the law. The Right to Life 14. 15. 16. 17. The right to life. Right to personal freedom. Right to privacy and personal security. Right to freedom of movement.

The Right to Freedom of Conscience 18. 19. 20. 21. The freedom of expression. Right to freedom of religion. Person’s freedom of association. Freedom to participate in public affairs. The Right to Work 22. 23. 24. Right to work. Right to just remuneration. Right to own property. Duties to the Society 25. 26. 27. 28. Duty to participate in work. Duty to abide by the laws of the land. Duty to safeguard public property. Defence of the Nation. General Provisions 29. 30. Fundamental rights and duties. Limitations upon, and enforcement and preservation of basic rights, freedoms and duties. Extraordinary Powers of the State Authority 31. 32. Derogation from rights and freedoms. Power to proclaim state of emergency. CHAPTER TWO THE EXECUTIVE OF THE UNITED REPUBLIC PART I THE PRESIDENT 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. President of the United Republic. The Government of the United Republic and its Authority. Discharge of business of the Government. Authority to constitute offices and to appoint officers. Discharge of duties and functions of President. Election of President. Qualifications for election of President.


40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 46A. 46B.

Eligibility for re-election. Procedures for the election of President. Time of assumption and term of office of President. Terms of office of President. Power to declare war. Prerogative of mercy. Immunity from criminal and civil proceedings. Impeachment by the National Assembly. Duty of principal leaders of organs with executive powers to preserve the Union. PART II THE VICE-PRESIDENT

47. 48. 49. 50.

Vice-President, his duties and powers. Time of assumption of office of Vice-President. Oath of the Vice-President. Tenure of office of Vice-President. PART III PRIME MINISTER, CABINET AND THE GOVERNMENT PRIME MINISTER

51. 52. 53. 53A.

Prime Minister of the United Republic. Functions and authority of the Prime Minister. Accountability of the Executive. Vote of no confidence. THE CABINET AND THE GOVERNMENT

54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 59A. 59B. 60. 61.

The Cabinet. Appointment of Ministers and Deputy Ministers. Oath of office of Ministers and Deputy Ministers. Tenure of office of Ministers and Deputy Ministers. Terms of office of Ministers and Deputy Ministers. Attorney General for the Government of the United Republic. Deputy Attorney General. Director of Public Prosecutions. Secretary to the Cabinet. Regional Commissioners.


CHAPTER THREE THE LEGISLATURE OF THE UNITED REPUBLIC PART I PARLIAMENT 62. 63. 64. 65. Parliament. Authority of Parliament. Legislative power. Life of Parliament. PART II MEMBERS, CONSTITUENCIES AND ELECTION OF MEMBERS 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. Members of Parliament. Qualifications for Member of Parliament. Oath of Members of Parliament. Formal declaration by Members of Parliament concerning ethics of leaders. Members to submit statement of property. Tenure of office of Member of Parliament. Cessation of employment of public servants on...
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