Constitution of Pakistan

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Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010
President's Assent Received: April 19, 2010
A Bill further to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan WHEREAS it is expedient further to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan for the purposes hereinafter appearing; AND WHEREAS the people of Pakistan have relentlessly struggled for democracy and for attaining the ideals of a Federal, Islamic, democratic, parliamentary and modern progressive welfare State, wherein the rights of the citizens are secured and the Provinces have equitable share in the Federation; AND WHEREAS it is necessary that the Legal Framework Order, 2002, as amended by the Chief Executive's Order No. 29 and the Chief Executive's Order No. 32 of 2002, be declared as having been made without lawful authority and of no legal effect, and the Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act No. III of 2003), be repealed and the Constitution further amended to achieve the aforesaid objectives; It is hereby enacted as follows:-

1.| Short title and commencement: (1)| This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010| (2) It shall come into force at once, save as otherwise provided in this Act.|  |

2.| Repeal, etc:
Subject to Article 264 and the provisions of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010, - (a)| the Legal Framework Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 24 of 2002), the Legal Framework (Amendment) Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 29 of 2002) and hte Legal Framework (Second Amendment) Order, 2002 (Chief Executive's Order No. 32 of 2002), are hereby declared to have been made without lawful authority and of no legal effect and, therefore shall stand repealed; and | (b)| the Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2003 (Act No. III of 2003), is hereby repealed.|

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3.| Amendment of Article 1 of the Constitution:
In the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, hereinafter referred to as the Constitution, in Article 1, in clause (2), in paragraph (a), for the word "Baluchistan" the word "Balochistan", for the words "North West Frontier" the words "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa", and for the word "Sind" the word "Sindh", shall be substituted. |  |

4.| Amendment of Article 6 of the Constitution:
In the Constitution, in Article 6, (i)| for clause (1), the following shall be substituted, namely:- (1)| Any person who abrogates or subverts or suspends or holds in abeyance, or attempts or conspires to abrogate or subvert or suspend or hold in abeyance, the Constitution by use of force or show of force or by any other unconstitutional means shall be guilty of high treason.|

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(ii)| in clause (2), after the word "abetting" the word "or collaborating" shall be inserted; and | (iii)| after clause (2) amended as aforesaid, the following new clause shall be inserted, namely:- "(2A)| An act of high treason mentioned in clause (1) or clause (2) shall not be validated by any court including the Supreme Court and a High Court."|

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5.| Insertion of new Article in the Constitution:
In the Constitution, after Article 10, the following new Article shall be inserted, namely:- "10A.| Right to fair trial: For the determination of his civil rights and obligations or in any criminal charge against him a person shall be entitled to a fair trial and due process."|

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6.| Substitution of Article 17 of the Constitution:
In the Constitution, for Article 17, the following shall be substituted, namely:- "17.| Freedom of association: (1)| Every citizen shall have the right to form associations or unions, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of sovereignty or integrity of Pakistan, public order or morality.|  |

(2)| Every citizen, not being in the service of Pakistan, shall have the right to form or be a member of a political party, subject to any reasonable restrictions...
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